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On this day in history, July 8, 1918, American Red Cross driver Ernest Hemingway is wounded in World War I

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On this day in history, July 8, 1918, American Red Cross driver Ernest Hemingway is wounded in World War I

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On this date in history, July 8, 1918, the iconic novelist Ernest Hemingway, then an 18-year-old ambulance driver for the American Red Cross, was struck by a mortar shell while serving on the Italian front, along the Piave delta, in World War I, noted History.com.

A native of Oak Park, Illinois, Hemingway was employed as a reporter for The Kansas City Star when war broke out in Europe in 1914, noted the same source.

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Hemingway worked as a volunteer for the Red Cross in France before the American entry into the war in April 1917; he was subsequently transferred to the Italian front.

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On the evening of July 8, 1918, Hemingway was struck by a mortar shell while handing out chocolate to Italian soldiers. 

The incident knocked him unconscious; fragments of shell entered his right foot and his knee and struck his thighs, scalp and hand, according to History.com. 

American writer Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) working at a portable table while on a big game hunt in Kenya, Sept. 1952.   (Earl Theisen/Getty Images)

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“Two Italian soldiers standing between Hemingway and the shell’s point of impact were not so lucky, however. One was killed instantly and another had both his legs blown off and died soon afterward,” the same source indicated. 

Hemingway worked to secure the safety of his fellow soldiers, getting them out of harm’s way, according to The Ernest Hemingway Collection. 

The Italian government awarded him the Silver Medal of Military Valor for his heroic actions, said the same source. 

“A Farewell to Arms” is set amid WWI and weaves an enduring story of love and war. 

Hemingway’s experiences in Italy during World War I are reported to have been an integral part of his larger-than-life persona, as well as provided the material for one of his best-loved novels, “A Farewell to Arms,” released in 1929.

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It chronicles the love of a young American ambulance driver for a beautiful English nurse on the Italian front during the Great War, said History.com.

“A Farewell to Arms” weaves an enduring story of love and war while creating a historically accurate depiction of the Battle of Caporetto and fighting on the Italian front against German attacks, recounted the National Veterans Memorial and Museum.  

US doughboys eating

Amid World War I, the interior of an American barracks at Lux (Côte-d’Or, France), in 1918.  (adoc-photos/Getty Images)

“What makes this novel so interesting is that a prominent portion of ‘A Farewell to Arms’ was written autobiographically,” noted the same source. 

“Hemingway himself volunteered to be an ambulance driver on the Italian front during the First World War and served for 10 months in Europe. He experienced the harsh realities of war without serving as a soldier and even sustained injuries due to a mortar shelling on July 8, 1918.”

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Hemingway was the first American awarded the Italian Silver Medal of Valor for carrying a wounded Italian soldier to safety, even though badly wounded himself, according to the National Veterans Memorial and Museum. 

“Due to his own injuries, Hemingway was transferred to a hospital in Milan and was rendered incapable of continuing his duties as an ambulance driver.”

“Due to his own injuries, Hemingway was transferred to a hospital in Milan and was rendered incapable of continuing his duties as an ambulance driver, which ultimately ended his tenure with the Red Cross,” the same source stated. 

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“A Farewell to Arms” tells how American lieutenant Frederic Henry, while working with the Italian ambulance service during World War I, meets English nurse Catherine Barkley, said Britannica.com.

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“Although she still mourns the death of her fiancé, who was killed in the war, Catherine encourages Frederic’s advances,” the same source recounted. 

“After he is badly wounded by a trench mortar shell near the Isonzo River in Italy, he is brought to a hospital in Milan, where he is eventually joined by Catherine.”  

circa 1955: American novelist Ernest Hemingway (1899 - 1961) on holiday in Stresa. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

American novelist Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) in Stresa, circa 1955.  (Keystone/Getty Images)

As he recovers, Catherine tends to him — and during this time, time their relationship deepens.

Henry confesses he’s in love with her, and Catherine soon becomes pregnant by Frederic, chronicles Britannica.com.

The storyline continues when a hospital employee discovers that Frederic has hid alcohol in his hospital room and he is sent back to the front. 

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Following the Battle of Caporetto (1917), he deserts the army, escaping execution by Italian military police. 

He soon learns that she has been sent to Stresa, travels there by train — and reunites with Catherine. 

Then, while in Milan, Frederic searches for Catherine. 

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He soon learns that she has been sent to Stresa, travels there by train — and reunites with Catherine. The pair flee Italy by crossing the border into neutral Switzerland, noted Britannica.com.

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He and Catherine are arrested by Swiss border authorities, but the couple are permitted to stay in Switzerland. 

After living together for a bit in Switzerland, Catherine goes into labor. Sadly, their son is born stillborn — and Catherine hemorrhages and dies. 

FILE - This March 14, 1946 file photo shows author Ernest Hemingway with his new wife, Mary Welsh, after their wedding in Havana, Cuba. Hemingway and John F. Kennedy never met, but the author's most extensive personal collection is housed at JFK's presidential library and is now on public display. The exhibition opening Monday, April 11, 2016, in Boston includes original manuscripts of some of his most famous literary works; letters to other major literary figures of his time; photographs and other personal mementos. (AP Photo, File)

This March 14, 1946, file photo shows author Ernest Hemingway with his then-new wife, Mary Welsh, after their wedding in Havana, Cuba.  (The Associated Press/File)

The storyline for the book is based somewhat on Hemingway’s own experiences. 

“Severely wounded, he recuperated in a Red Cross hospital in Milan where he fell in love with one of his nurses,” stated the National Endowment of the Arts. 

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“This relationship proved the model for Frederic and Catherine’s tragic romance in ‘A Farewell to Arms.’” 

And, even though the end of the story was different than Hemingway’s life — both stories are tragic. “Both Hemingway and Frederic get left alone and hurt, without their love,” said the University of Michigan. 

In 1953, Hemingway received the Pulitzer Prize in fiction for “The Old Man and the Sea” (1952), a short heroic novel about an old Cuban fisherman who, after an extended struggle, hooks a giant marlin only to have it eaten by sharks during the long voyage home, according to Britannica.com.

In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. 

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The Swedish Academy, which presented the honor, said of the-then 55-year-old American author, in its citation: He was awarded the honor “for his powerful, style-forming mastery of the art of modern narration, as most recently evinced in ‘The Old Man and the Sea,’” according to The New York Times. 

Hemingway was 61 years old when he died by suicide on July 2, 1961.

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Detroit, MI

5 Reasons for Optimism for Lions’ 2024 Season

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5 Reasons for Optimism for Lions’ 2024 Season


The Detroit Lions have their eyes on the prize at the start of the 2024 season.

Fourth-year coach Dan Campbell has guided the team from the bottom of the NFC North to the top, captivating the national audience and igniting the fan base in the process. Now, the Lions have realistic aspirations of winning the Lombardi Trophy in 2024.

Because of this, Detroit has plenty to be excited about as training camp begins this week.

Here are five reasons to be optimistic about the Lions’ chances to compete for the Super Bowl in 2024.

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Culture changed

The Lions’ organization has been long associate with losing. In fact, it’s no secret that their two playoff wins last season marked the first time the team had won in the postseason in 30 years. Last year’s division title also snapped a three-decade span without one.

However, the tides are certainly changing in Detroit. Each of the last two Draft classes have been apart of teams that have only finished above .500, and Campbell’s record in three seasons is inching ever closer to .500 after a 3-13-1 finish to his first campaign.

The franchise once synonymous with losing is now changing its tune. With a young group of talent that only knows winning, the culture and expectations are shifting.

Additionally, Detroit’s young nucleus is very talented. Amon-Ra St. Brown and Penei Sewell have already inked massive second contracts, while Aidan Hutchinson may be on the brink. If their rookie seasons are any indication, Jahmyr Gibbs, Sam LaPorta and Brian Branch look like pillars of the future.

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Having just went to the NFC Championship game, the Lions’ young collection of talent is building its winning pedigree.

Coaching staff continuity

Detroit has been fortunate to retain the majority of its coaching staff since Campbell took over. Several coaches, such as Ben Johnson, Aaron Glenn, Hank Fraley, Antwaan Randle El and Mark Brunell, have been with the Lions since or before Campbell took over.

As a result, young players can be treated to familiar schematics year over year. In a league full of turnover and changes, the Lions have been able to retain the coaching talent on their staff.

That’s not to say there hasn’t been interest elsewhere, as Johnson and Glenn have both garnered head coaching interest over the last two campaigns. However, both have returned to Detroit with aspirations of leading the organization to a title.

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With Campbell leading the way and so many familiar faces still in tow, Detroit’s foundation on the coaching staff remains in solid shape.

Improved secondary

The Lions’ secondary has added several new pieces that are expected to change the fortunes of the unit in 2024. After being one of the NFL’s worst pass defenses a year ago, Detroit is relying on players such as Carlton Davis, Terrion Arnold, Amik Robertson and Ennis Rakestraw to compete in a better fashion.

Last year, the cornerback position had the feel of a revolving door of sorts. Detroit struggled to find a second option opposite Cam Sutton, who had struggles of his own. This year, Davis and Arnold are among the possible replacements.

Additionally, Emmanuel Moseley is back in the fold after an injury cost him most of last season. If he can emerge with a spot, it will be an encouraging sign given the depth that now resides in the cornerback room.

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Offensive weapons

The Lions have a vast array of offensive weapons that allow them to score with any possible opponent. Ben Johnson’s offense boasts two talented running backs and a collection of pass-catchers with diverse skill sets.

With David Montgomery and Jahmyr Gibbs providing a nice 1-2 punch in the run game, Detroit has to worry little about whether or not they can survive on the ground. Gibbs also brings a presence as a pass-catcher that the Lions want to explore more in 2024.

Through the air, the effort starts and ends with the connection Jared Goff has with Amon-Ra St. Brown. The All-Pro wideout surpassed 1,500 yards last season and looks the part of one of the league’s best at his position.

If Jameson Williams can emerge as a reliable second option, the Lions’ offense becomes all the more dangerous. Sam LaPorta offers a secure option at tight end, and Kalif Raymond and Donovan Peoples-Jones will battle for an increased workload at receiver.

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Toughness in trenches

It’s no secret that the Lions have one of the league’s best offensive lines. Sewell and Taylor Decker give the team two solid bookend tackles, and the interior is headlined by one of the NFL’s best in Frank Ragnow. 

As a whole, the unit has done an excellent job setting the tone for Detroit’s run-oriented scheme. They also have had plenty of success keeping Goff clean in the pocket. Last year, Sewell was one of the best pass-protecting tackles in addition to his prowess as a run-blocker. 

Defensively, the Lions have a strong core foundation on the line as well. Aidan Hutchinson will bring the heat as a pass-rusher, and the addition of DJ Reader as the nose tackle could be a game-changer. With Reader occupying the blockers in the middle, players like Alim McNeill could be allowed to roam free or operate with less attention. 

Because the Lions have committed so much to the trenches, they have the ability to dominate the line of scrimmage. By controlling this area of the game, they can put themselves in a position to dominate.

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Milwaukee, WI

Site Announcement: Welcome Brew Hoop’s newest contributor!

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Site Announcement: Welcome Brew Hoop’s newest contributor!


After the Bucks added Gary Trent Jr. last week, we thought we’d do them one better and add a new face to our team too! We’d like to welcome Jack Trehearne as our newest contributor, who comes to us from a Land Down Under (don’t worry, the only plundering Jack does is of Raptors shooting guards) and is a former member of the Eastern Mavericks of the NBL1. That’s right: he’s a certified hooper. and we’re excited to have him aboard. We hope you’ll join us in welcoming him to the site and are looking forward to his content to come! Let’s let him introduce himself…


G’day Bucks fans! Sorry, you just know I had to start with some cheesy Aussie slang. I recently graduated from the University of South Australia with a Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism and Professional Writing. I have formerly written for my university’s publication On The Record, Racing and Sports, as well as for my own Bucks-related blog from time to time. I am super excited to be joining the awesome team at Brew Hoop and have been welcomed with open arms. Thanks so much and Fear The Deer!


Want to see your name on our masthead? Let us know, on Twitter or via email.





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Minneapolis, MN

Minneapolis park workers decline latest union offer

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Minneapolis park workers decline latest union offer


Minneapolis park workers decline latest union offer – CBS Minnesota

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The strike continues for Minneapolis park workers after they agreed to decline the latest deal in their union negotiations. The workers have been on strike for 17 days now.

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