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Veterans with PTSD get 'significant' benefits from service dogs, first NIH-funded study finds

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Veterans with PTSD get 'significant' benefits from service dogs, first NIH-funded study finds

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This story discusses suicide. If you or someone you know is having thoughts of suicide, please contact the Suicide & Crisis Lifeline at 988 or 1-800-273-TALK (8255).

The positive impact of service dogs on the mental health of U.S. military veterans has been widely recognized.

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Now, the first clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) looked into exactly how pairing service dogs with PTSD-diagnosed veterans improves symptoms.

FDA PANEL REJECTS MDMA-ASSISTED THERAPIES FOR PTSD DESPITE HIGH HOPES FROM VETERANS

As June marks PTSD Awareness Month, the University of Arizona College of Veterinary Medicine partnered with K9s For Warriors – the nation’s largest provider of trained service dogs, based in Florida – to study over 156 military veterans over three months, based on their self-reported symptoms and doctors’ assessments. 

The largest nationwide survey of its kind analyzed service dog partnerships in 81 vets compared to those who received traditional care without a dog.

Marine Corps veteran Bill Lins, a sergeant from 2004 to 2016, is pictured here with his dog, Link. Lins suffered from PTSD and a traumatic brain injury after he left the service. (K9s for Warriors)

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The study looked at each participant’s PTSD symptoms, including psychosocial functioning, quality of life and social health.

Veterans with service dogs were found to have a 66% lower chance of a PTSD diagnosis compared to a control group without dogs.

These respondents also experienced lower levels of anxiety and depression, as well as improvements in most areas of emotional and social well-being, the study found.

K9s for Warriors chief program officer Kevin Steele noted in a press release that service dogs are “life-saving and life-transforming” for veterans.

Bill Lins with Link

“Asking for help is a sign of strength,” Marine veteran Bill Lins, pictured with his dog, Link, told Fox News Digital. (K9s for Warriors)

“These dogs have enabled our warriors to better connect with family, friends and their community and to begin living the life they previously didn’t think was possible,” he said. “The results of this study further prove that what we do here at K9s works.”

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Lead study author Dr. Maggie O’Haire of the University of Arizona College of Veterinary Medicine told Fox News Digital, “I think that service dogs have become increasingly popular for veterans, specifically for PTSD, and I think that for a while, we could support this based on anecdotes or emotional intuition.”

VET WHO LOST MILITARY ‘BROTHERS’ TO POST-WAR SUICIDE CALLS FOR URGENT CHANGE: ‘WE COULD DO BETTER’

She added, “But now that this practice is growing, we see the need for evidence on a scientific basis.”

O’Haire suggested that some clinicians feel “ill-equipped” to support this mode of therapy, which is why the evidence is so important.

a dog sitting in front of his veteran

The first clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) looked into how pairing service dogs with PTSD-diagnosed veterans improves symptoms for those suffering from it. (iStock)

“We can increase effectiveness, reduce side effects, and make it better for both the person and the animal,” she said. 

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“And we do that through systematic collection of data on how it’s working.”

ON PTSD AWARENESS DAY, IMPORTANT HELP FOR VETERANS, MILITARY SERVICE MEMBERS IN SEARCH OF BETTER SLEEP

The co-author mentioned that each veteran involved in the study had an “incredible story” of survival.

“It’s not uncommon for me to hear from a veteran, ‘I would not be alive if it were not for my service dog,’” she said. 

“It’s not uncommon for me to hear from a veteran, ‘I would not be alive if it were not for my service dog.’”

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“We know that veterans are struggling. They’re facing high rates of anxiety, depression and even suicide. And what we see is that, in addition to evidence-based care, they’re also seeking out service dogs.”

An estimated 23% of military members and veterans with post-9/11 service have PTSD, according to NIH research. Veterans are also more likely to die by suicide than non-veterans.

A veteran’s success story

Marine Corps veteran Bill Lins, a sergeant from 2004 to 2016, battled with mental health issues, suffering from PTSD and a traumatic brain injury after leaving the service.

A MARATHON IN EVERY STATE: NAVY VET AND FORMER NYPD COP RUNS ACROSS US TO HELP DESERVING NONPROFIT

Lins, who is now a mental health therapist, sat on the advisory panel for the NIH service dog study. He told Fox News Digital he was once in the same dark place as many other veterans.

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“I was a very absent parent,” he said. “I could force myself through the motions, but I was very detached.”

Bill Lins with Link

Bill Lins is pictured with Link in front of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. Today a mental health therapist, Lins sat on the advisory panel for the NIH service dog study.  (K9s for Warriors)

“I knew I loved my kids, but I couldn’t feel it – and that felt really wrong,” he went on. 

“It felt really shameful. And that’s [what] highlighted that maybe something bigger was going on.”

Lins considered that having “no identity” after leaving the Marine Corps fed into some other bad habits, like drinking and taking unnecessary risks.

“I was dumped back out into the world to get a job and be a dad,” he said. “It was tough.” 

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GEORGIA POLICE SERGEANT TOUTS ‘AMAZING’ ABILITIES OF K9 COMPANION IN BOOK: MADE HIM A ‘BETTER HUMAN’

Lins’ wife ultimately filed for divorce. “I was kind of just floating and had no idea where to go,” he said.

When he saw another veteran friend with a service dog who had a “lightness” to him, Lins decided to apply for a companion of his own.

“I don’t know how they picked such a remarkably perfect animal to pair with me.”

The veteran eventually heard from K9s for Warriors, who placed him with his service dog, Link, in Aug. 2022.

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“I don’t know how they picked such a remarkably perfect animal to pair with me,” he said. 

“I took him to the pool, and I remember laughing, watching him run. And I thought, ‘I can’t remember the last time I really laughed.’”

Lins described Link, a 72-pound lab mix, as a “wonderfully mannered, remarkable animal.”

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“He wants nothing more than to make everyone around him happy,” Lins said. “That is his life’s mission.”

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“He has done a 180 in my world, and my kids are all so thankful that he’s here,” he added. “My entire family loves him. He just hands out happiness and expects nothing in return.”

Bill Lins with Link

“He has done a 180 in my world,” said Bill Lins, pictured with his dog, Link. “My entire family loves him. He just hands out happiness and expects nothing in return.” (K9s for Warriors)

Having a service dog is a distraction from “the things that you worry about,” Lins said.

“The bond is so strong that I worry about him so much more than myself,” he said. “I get to stay present as opposed to [getting] lost in my own thoughts.”

For other veterans seeking help, Lins recommended having a service dog as a source of comfort when things get difficult.

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“He’s always there. He’s never judgmental,” he said. “I can have any emotion that I want. I can have nightmares and be upset. And there’s no shame around him. I don’t have to hide things.”

He added, “He intuitively wants to be there and take care of me the same way that I want to be there and take care of him.”

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Dengue surges in UAE after record-breaking rainfall leaves ideal conditions for mosquitoes

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Dengue surges in UAE after record-breaking rainfall leaves ideal conditions for mosquitoes
  • Dengue has spiked worldwide. The World Health Organization declared it an emergency in December as cases have globally increased tenfold over the last generation.
  • The United Arab Emirates have issued many warnings about dengue. Mosquitoes spread dengue and have flourished in the UAE after it experienced record-setting rainfall.
  • While the UAE did not answer questions regarding the number of cases, activists say that laborers are being hit the hardest by the virus.

Since the United Arab Emirates witnessed its heaviest recorded rainfall ever three months ago, the desert nation has issued a multitude of warnings about dengue which, activists say, has surged and struck hardest among the vast populations of laborers.

The tropical disease, spread by mosquitoes, has witnessed a worldwide spike. The World Health Organization declared it an emergency in December as cases have globally increased tenfold over the last generation.

Many people infected by the virus are asymptomatic, but some experience headaches, fever and flu-like symptoms. Severe cases can lead to serious bleeding, shock and death.

LOCAL DENGUE FEVER CASES CONFIRMED IN FLORIDA KEYS, SPREAD BY MOSQUITO BITES

In the UAE, a federation of seven sheikhdoms, the disease has usually spread due to travel on long-haul carriers into the country. However, on April 25, the Department of Health alerted that locally transmitted cases without travel history have been documented since 2023 “as a result of climate change and an environment conducive to mosquito breeding.”

Changes in weather patterns turn countries previously inhospitable to Dengue-carrying mosquitoes into possible habitats.

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The April deluges, which flooded portions of major highways and Dubai’s international airport, only amplified the risk in the Gulf country. While major thoroughfares quickly saw vacuum pumps arrive, others remained saddled for weeks with stagnant pools of water, where virus-carrying mosquitoes lay their eggs and spread the disease.

An abandoned vehicle stands in floodwater covering a major road in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, on April 18, 2024, after heavy thunderstorms. (AP Photo/Christopher Pike, File)

No official figures have been shared in the Emirates where broad laws severely restrict freedom of speech and almost all major local media are either state-owned or state-affiliated outlets. Queries sent to various governmental organizations about the exact number of confirmed dengue cases went unanswered.

The WHO also declined to discuss the situation in the UAE when reached by The Associated Press. However, the U.N. health agency noted in its May 30 report that there have been continued dengue outbreaks in Mideast “countries with stronger health-care systems that have been affected by unusual rains due to climate change.” It also said: “Timely data sharing also remains a challenge for other countries in the region for reasons such as the potential impact in the tourism, economy and other sectors.”

Meanwhile, public awareness campaigns across the sheikdom on the importance of cleaning stagnant water and warnings about dengue, also known as breakbone fever, have been widely aired on state media.

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Still, activists stressed that communities of laborers are bearing the brunt of the disease.

The slow cleanup of flooded areas in industrial sites has worsened the spread of the disease among laborers, some of whom have left their home countries already affected by climate change for a chance to earn money in the UAE, according to a report issued by FairSquare, a London-based group focused on labor rights in the Gulf Arab states.

The July 4 report detailed a surge in dengue cases among migrant worker communities across the Emirates, citing three healthcare workers, a government official, and migrant workers. The group attributed the rise in cases to a lagging government response to the spread of the viral infection in areas where migrant laborers live and work.

James Lynch, a FairSquare co-director once banned from entering the UAE while at Amnesty International, told the AP that “the important thing here is the disproportionate impact” of how the virus seems to mainly spread among laborers. “What you would want to see is an even-handed approach to dealing with clean up and it doesn’t seem to be the case here.”

No specific figures were shared in the report which quoted a nurse, who works at a private clinic in the city of Sharjah, as saying they receive over 30 cases every four or five days, describing the rise in cases as “alarming.”

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The UAE’s overall population of more than 9.2 million is only 10% Emirati, with millions of low-paid workers from Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

“I call it a double whammy of climate change on this very vulnerable population,” said Barrak Alahmad, a research fellow at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. “I see that these migrant workers are on the front line facing the effects of climate change and health.”

The effect of the virus also resonated in Iran.

The Islamic Republic relies on Dubai as a major transit point to the rest of the world due to the international sanctions it faces over its nuclear program and tensions with the West.

On July 9, Shahnam Arshi, an Iranian health ministry official, said of 149 people infected with dengue, 130 had been infected in the UAE while Hossein Farshidi, deputy health minister, said the first known infected person entered Iran on May 15, after the flooding in the Emirates.

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Farshidi, in his latest remarks on July 23, said the number of infected people in the country, rose to 152, without giving further details.

This year, Iran also reported its first locally transmitted cases of dengue, saying the number rose to 12 in July, all of them located in the Bandar Lengeh port, south of Iran.

Earlier this year, Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro declared a public health emergency because of mosquito-borne dengue fever, while in July, U.S. officials warned doctors to stay on alert as the tropical disease broke international records.

“Each year, we are going to see new places and different local governments struggling with either dengue or other issues from climate change,” said Alahmad, the research fellow. “It is an ever-expanding issue. I don’t know if we have an easy fix to this.”

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Sleep and travel don’t always mix: Here are 7 tips to help you rest on the road

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Sleep and travel don’t always mix: Here are 7 tips to help you rest on the road

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More than half of U.S. adults plan to take a summer vacation this year, surveys have found — but for many, the time off may not be as restful as they’d hoped.

Whether traveling for pleasure or business, it’s common for people to experience sleep struggles away from home, experts say. Yet there are some ways to improve your rest while on the road.

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Why does travel interfere with sleep?

For most people, struggles with sleep on the first night of vacation are part of a natural survival mechanism, expert say.

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“Our brains enter ‘protector mode,’ especially when we’re traveling with family,” said Martin Seeley, CEO and sleep expert at Mattress Next Day in the U.K., in an email to Fox News Digital.

“In an unfamiliar place, our brains become instinctively more alert, increasing adrenaline to keep us awake and ready to defend ourselves or our loved ones.”

Jet lag, trip logistics and changing schedules can interfere with sleep, experts agreed. (iStock)

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Dr. Chelsie Rohrscheib, a neuroscientist and sleep specialist at Wesper in New York, agreed that sleeping in a foreign environment places the brain on high alert, and often results in light sleep and poor sleep quality for the first couple of days.

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An unfamiliar environment can also throw off a person’s sleep cycle, she told Fox News Digital, as the bed and sleeping area may be much different than at home, which usually requires an adjustment period. 

“You have almost no control over the type of mattress, pillow and bedding you’ll have while traveling, and you may find it uncomfortable,” Rohrscheib said.

Sleep triple split

Experts shared seven tips to help improve sleep while traveling. (iStock)

If traveling to a different time zone, that can disrupt the circadian rhythm, which is the body’s 24-hour biological clock. 

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“You may find it very difficult to adjust to your new sleep and wake time, which causes poor sleep for up to a week,” the doctor noted.

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All of these factors can add up to daytime sleepiness, cognitive impairment, low energy and moodiness, the expert warned.

Changes to diet and exercise routines, modified schedules, and stress and anxiety about trip logistics can also affect the ability to sleep, according to experts with the Sleep Foundation.

7 tips to get better sleep while traveling

“Luckily, there are ways to ‘trick’ your brain into reducing levels of adrenaline and feeling more relaxed,” Seeley said.

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1. Bring familiar items from home

Seeley recommends taking something from your bedroom at home that your brain will associate with sleeping in a safe environment.

GOING TO BED AFTER THIS TIME COULD LEAD TO POORER MENTAL HEALTH, A STANFORD STUDY FINDS

“The pillowcase from your bed won’t take up any room in your suitcase, and it will smell like your laundry detergent — this makes it ideal for relaxing your brain and body,” he suggested.

Smells are very powerful when it comes to triggering memories, the expert noted.

“So if you’re surrounded by the same smells of your bed at home, your brain will more than likely start to feel more safe and relaxed.”

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2. Mimic your home environment

Seeley recommends setting up your sleeping area to resemble your home environment as closely as possible. 

Girl sleeping

One expert recommends bringing your own pillow, as well as a sleep mask and earplugs, to help promote better rest. (iStock)

This might include bringing a small nightlight if you use one at home, adjusting the room’s temperature to your liking, and using a white noise machine to block unfamiliar sounds, he suggests. 

“These small adjustments can help make the new space feel more familiar, which will aid you in falling asleep quicker,” Seeley said.

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Rohrscheib also recommends bringing your own pillow, as well as a sleep mask and earplugs.

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“You can’t be sure your accommodations will have sufficient blackout blinds or soundproofing,” she said.

3. Stay active during the day leading up to your first night

Seeley recommends spending time outside during the day to help regulate your body’s internal clock

“Whether it’s swimming, hiking or exploring local sights on foot, physical exertion can help promote better sleep at night,” he advised. 

Man sleeping on plane

If traveling to a different time zone, that can disrupt the circadian rhythm, which is the body’s 24-hour biological clock, experts say. (iStock)

“Also, natural sunlight exposure helps reinforce your circadian rhythm, making it easier for you to fall asleep at night.”

Once you arrive at your destination, it’s important to continue to get ample exposure to sunlight within the first hour of waking at your travel destination, Rohrscheib noted, as this will help reset your internal clock.

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4. Stick to your usual bedtime routine

Maintaining your usual bedtime routine sends a signal to the brain that it’s time to wind down, according to Seeley. 

“Engage in the same pre-sleep activities you do at home, whether it’s reading a book, taking a warm shower or listening to calming music,” he advised. 

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“This consistency helps cue your brain to prepare for sleep.”

If traveling with children, Seeley recommends encouraging them to stick to regular routines as well — such as brushing their teeth, reading a bedtime story or cuddling with a favorite toy — to help them feel more secure and ready for bed.

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little boy yawns in bed

If traveling with children, experts recommend encouraging them to stick to regular routines to help them feel more secure and ready for bed. (iStock)

“Anything that your brain associates with your normal bedtime environment will make it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep,” he said.

5. Stay active during the day leading up to your first night

Spend time outside during the day to help regulate your body’s internal clock, experts recommend. 

“Whether it’s swimming, hiking or exploring local sights on foot, physical exertion can help promote better sleep at night,” Seeley advised. 

“Also, natural sunlight exposure helps reinforce your circadian rhythm, making it easier for you to fall asleep at night.”

6. Adjust your schedule

If you are traveling out of your time zone, Rohrscheib recommends adjusting your sleep schedule in the days leading up to your departure to make the transition easier. 

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“You can also help reset your biological clock by taking a low dose of melatonin at the time you wish to sleep while traveling,” Rohrscheib suggested.  

Man on phone

Experts recommend avoiding the use of electronic devices at least an hour before bedtime. (iStock)

“Taking melatonin for a week before you leave can help you reset your biological clock faster.”

7. Limit screen time 

“Avoid using electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets or laptops at least an hour before bedtime,” Seeley said. 

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“The blue light emitted from screens can interfere with your body’s production of melatonin, the hormone that regulates our sleep.”

Rohrscheib also recommends avoiding bright lights — especially from electronic devices — the hour before you go to sleep at your destination.

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Before Biden, these 5 past presidents faced health issues amid re-election

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Before Biden, these 5 past presidents faced health issues amid re-election

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President Biden announced on Sunday that he has dropped out of the 2024 presidential race.

Although the White House press office told Fox News Digital on Monday that “health was not a factor” in the president’s decision to withdraw, multiple doctors expressed concern about signs of cognitive decline after Biden’s widely criticized performance in the June 27 presidential debate.

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Two medical experts told Fox News Digital their belief that Biden’s decision to step down is best for the president’s health.

AFTER BIDEN DROPS OUT OF RACE, DOCTORS REVEAL WHY THE DECISION WAS BEST FOR HIS HEALTH

Biden, however, isn’t the only president whose re-election was potentially thwarted by health issues or concerns. 

Here are five others. 

Presidents Woodrow Wilson, left, Franklin D. Roosevelt, center, and Theodore Roosevelt all experienced health issues while in office. (Getty Images)

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1. Chester A. Arthur (21st president, 1881-1885)

After he became America’s 21st president in 1881, Chester Arthur experienced health complications due to malaria, which remained endemic in Washington, D.C., throughout the 19th century, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

In 1882, Arthur continued to suffer from progressive fatigue, extreme weight loss and peripheral edema, the NIH reported.

JOE BIDEN WITH COVID AT AGE 81: WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT THE RISK THE VIRUS POSES TO OLDER ADULTS

After a closer health inspection, Arthur was diagnosed with Bright’s disease, today known as chronic kidney disease.

chester arthur portrait

Chester A. Arthur, 1829-86, 21st president of the United States, is shown in a portrait in the 1880s. (Glasshouse Vintage/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

The president’s health worsened during his last two years in office, with reported symptoms of fluid retention, rigors (shaking or shivering), nausea and colicky abdominal pain.

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As the 1884 election inched closer, Arthur sought a second term — but lost the Republican nomination to James G. Blaine, the speaker of the House. 

Blaine went on to lose the election to Democrat Grover Cleveland.

Arthur died on Nov. 18, 1886, at age 57, according to the Smithsonian. 

2. Theodore Roosevelt (26th president, 1901-1909)

Theodore Roosevelt took over as commander in chief at nearly 43 years old in 1901 following the assassination of President William McKinley, according to the White House Historical Association. 

Roosevelt was then re-elected in 1904.

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DOCTORS EXPRESS CONCERN ABOUT BIDEN’S APPARENT COGNITIVE ISSUES DURING DEBATE: ‘TROUBLING INDICATORS’

After William Howard Taft’s term, which began in 1909, Roosevelt decided to re-join the race in 1912, creating his own “Bull Moose” party.

While campaigning on Oct. 14, 1912, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Roosevelt was shot during an assassination attempt outside the Gilpatrick Hotel.

teddy roosevelt at his desk

President Theodore Roosevelt is pictured at his office in Washington, D.C., on Feb. 10, 1903. (History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

The bullet was slowed by Roosevelt’s dense overcoat, his steel-reinforced eyeglasses case and his 50-page speech folded in his inner right jacket pocket, as History.com reported.

The bullet punctured the president’s right chest, but did not damage his lungs. It was left lodged inside his ribs — which was deemed safer than operating.

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ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY, OCTOBER 14, 1912, TEDDY ROOSEVELT SHOT IN CHEST, MAKES CAMPAIGN STOP MINUTES LATER

Roosevelt continued his campaign while in recovery — but was beaten by Democrat Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 election.

3. Woodrow Wilson (28th president, 1913-1921)

Woodrow Wilson carried out two full terms and intended to run for a third.

But the then-president was “severely hindered” by a neurological condition that caused him to suffer from strokes before and during his presidency, according to the NIH.

WHO IS ALICE ROOSEVELT LONGWORTH? WHITE HOUSE WILD CHILD AND ORIGINAL ‘WIT OF WASHINGTON,’ SAYS HISTORIAN

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Before he took office, three strokes affected his right hand and left arm, and caused blindness in his left eye.

A damaging stroke during his presidency in October 1919 left Wilson paralyzed on the left side and with only partial vision in his right eye. 

He was confined to his bed for several weeks, the NIH reported.

woodrow wilson portrait

Woodrow Wilson’s portrait was taken during his campaign for New Jersey governor in 1910. (Circa Images/GHI/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Wilson did not sufficiently recover from this episode. 

In 1920, the Republicans requested confirmation that he was still able to carry out his duties as required by the Constitution. 

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The president’s doctor, Dr. Cary Grayson, would not publicly comment on Wilson’s health status as Wilson pursued re-election for a third term.

PRESIDENTS DAY: GREAT ADVICE FROM GREAT US PRESIDENTS FOR MODERN-DAY AMERICA

By the time of the Democratic convention that summer, however, Grayson shared Wilson’s poor medical state with party leaders and rejected the idea of a third term.

Wilson was ultimately not given the presidential nomination, and Republican Warren G. Harding was elected in 1920.

4. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (32nd president, 1933-1945)

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was the only U.S. president to serve more than two terms in office, as he was elected four times throughout the Depression and World War II.

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Roosevelt had suffered from health issues since his paralysis as a result of polio at 39 years old, according to the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum.

franklin roosevelt at desk

Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945), 32nd U.S. president, is pictured at his desk in Washington, D.C., in 1933. (Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

During his third term in office, Roosevelt was diagnosed with heart disease, which was kept hidden from the public ahead of his re-election for a fourth term, the NIH reported.

Throughout 1944, Roosevelt’s team of doctors monitored his waning health, continuously recording high blood pressure measurements. 

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These heart complications were attributed to the “unending stress and strain of the war,” according to the FDR Library and Museum.

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Roosevelt was chosen as the Democratic nominee in 1944 and continued with his campaign, even while facing skepticism about his physical fitness for office.

president franklin roosevelt at his desk

President Franklin Roosevelt in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, D.C., in 1934. (History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Although he won his fourth presidential election, Roosevelt was “debilitated” by his condition, according to the NIH.

On April 12, 1945, Roosevelt complained of a headache to his physician, Dr. Howard Bruenn.

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Roosevelt’s blood pressure hit 300/190 and he lost consciousness. 

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Bruenn diagnosed the event as a stroke and declared the president dead at age 63.

5. Dwight D. Eisenhower (34th president, 1953-1961)

Dwight Eisenhower began his first term in 1953 and suffered from two major illnesses, according to the NIH.

He experienced a heart attack in September 1955, keeping him out of the White House for recovery until December.

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Although Eisenhower got clearance from his doctors, the NIH reported that his cardiologists recommended against his running for a second term.

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The president decided to run for re-election anyway, which was followed by his second major health event in June 1956 — resulting in a diagnosis of Crohn’s disease.

U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower with Willy Brandt

President Dwight Eisenhower is pictured with Willy Brandt, mayor of West Berlin, in Washington, D.C., on Feb. 11, 1959. (Circa Images/GHI/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Eisenhower underwent an exploratory laparotomy and ileal bypass surgery for a bowel obstruction, which was successful.

After a full recovery, Eisenhower was re-elected for a second term, despite questions from the opposition about his fitness for office.

      

The following year, in November 1957, Eisenhower suffered a stroke but ultimately fulfilled his presidency.

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After leaving office, Eisenhower suffered multiple heart attacks in the 1960s. 

He died of congestive heart failure on March 28, 1969, at 78 years old.

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