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Breathe In, Breathe Out: 5 Breathing Methods That May Ease Dry Eyes, Heartburn, and Brain Fog, Science Shows



Breathe In, Breathe Out: 5 Breathing Methods That May Ease Dry Eyes, Heartburn, and Brain Fog, Science Shows

“Take a deep breath” — it’s advice you’ve probably both given and received. Slowing down and focusing on your breathing allows you to center yourself and reassess things; it helps you think more clearly and feel better mentally. But did you know that breathing exercises — or breathing in a way that requires certain steps — can help you feel better physically as well? See how breathing, the thing you’re doing all the time anyway, can be used as a tool for better health, according to science.

How can breathing exercises help me?

You already know breathing is important. We take about 17,000 breaths a day, yet never give it a second thought. For something we do so often, it’s important to know that how you breathe can make a difference on your body, too. For example: According to an animal study published in Science, breathing through your nose increases blood flow to your brain, triggering feelings of tranquility on a neurological level. Breath is the key to good health, and mastering certain breathing exercises can help in a wide variety of ways, from erasing stress to taming a heartburn flare.

For Dry Eyes: Try ‘Belly Breathing’

For the 61 percent of women over 50 with dry eye, help is here. Three minutes of “belly breathing” may boost women’s tear production significantly, as shown in a randomized controlled trial published in The Ocular Surface. The reason? Belly breathing calms the parasympathetic nervous system, which regulates tear-producing lacrimal glands. To do: Inhale through your nose for four seconds as your belly rises, then exhale through your nose for six seconds as your belly falls. Repeat for three minutes.

For Heartburn: Try the 4-7-8 Trick

You’re not just imagining it — you really may be getting heartburn more often when you’re stressed out. A study published in Digestive Diseases and Sciences found stress nearly doubles your odds of heartburn, since it slows digestion. When food stays in your stomach, it stretches the “plug” that blocks acid. The fix: Inhale for four seconds, hold for seven, then exhale for eight. Repeat for three minutes. Research from The American Journal of Gastroenterology suggests deep breathing like this may even cut the need for heartburn meds.

For Brain Fog: Practice Deep Breathing

Deep breathing may clear mental cobwebs, reveals research from Frontiers in Psychology. What’s more, a study published in PLoS One found that some soldiers practiced something called “tactical breathing” — during which they breathed deeply — were more focused, even when under pressure. (Note: More research is necessary, because not all soldiers experienced beneficial effects from tactical breathing.)


To do: Imagine a square in front of you. As you trace each side of the box in your mind, inhale for four seconds, hold for four, exhale for four, then keep your lungs empty for four to complete the box. Repeat four times.

For Anxiety: Try ‘Cyclical Sighing’

A Cell Reports Medicine study found “cyclical sighing” (exhaling as if giving a sigh of relief) may calm worries in five minutes. Why? It may signal the brain that an urgent event is over and it’s time to relax. To do: Inhale through your nose until your lungs are mostly full. Pause, then inhale again. Pause, then exhale slowly through your nose. Repeat for five minutes.

For Pain: Try a Pillow Squeeze

If pain flares, gently squeeze a pillow and breathe deeply. A study published in PLoS One shows that it may engage the diaphragm and slow your breathing rate to 10 breaths a minute — a pace proven to calm the nervous system. Research in The Journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain says 20 minutes of this type of breathing may block pain signals.

A version of this article originally appeared in our print magazine, Woman’s World.

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The 12 Best Foundations for Mature Skin That Will Cover + Repair Flaws



The 12 Best Foundations for Mature Skin That Will Cover + Repair Flaws

Top 12: Best Foundation for Women Over 50 of 2023 – Woman’s World

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Ask a doc: ‘What should I know before getting a breast lift?’



Ask a doc: ‘What should I know before getting a breast lift?’

A growing number of women are opting to reverse gravity by getting a surgical breast-lift procedure.

The prevalence of breast lifts has risen 70% since 2000 — twice the growth of breast implant surgery, according to new statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

“A breast lift — or ‘mastopexy’ — is a procedure in which excess skin is removed to tighten the breast envelope,” said New York-based plastic surgeon and breast reconstruction specialist Dr. Constance M. Chen in comments to Fox News Digital. 


“This also repositions the breast tissue and the nipple-areolar complex higher on the chest wall.”


Why do women opt for breast lifts?

All women’s breasts change with time and gravity, Chen noted. 

New York-based plastic surgeon and breast reconstruction specialist Dr. Constance M. Chen (shown at left) shares what women should know if they are considering getting a breast lift surgery. (Constance M. Chen/iStock)

“As women get older, it is typical and natural for the skin to lose elasticity and for the breasts to drop,” she said. 

Breastfeeding is the biggest cause of this, she said; but occasionally some women who did not breastfeed may find that their breasts droop over time. 

“Menopause is also a factor, because dense, glandular breast tissue is replaced by fat — and fatty tissue is softer and less firm,” Chen said. 



”If a woman is unhappy about sagging breasts, the only way to fix it is surgery,” the doctor said. “A well-fitted bra can provide support for a better look in clothes, but exercises to firm the underlying chest muscles won’t impact the breast tissue itself.” 

In most cases, a mastopexy will not change the size of the breasts, even though the result may make the breasts appear fuller and rounder, according to Chen. 

Woman with doctor

The prevalence of breast lifts has risen 70% since 2000 — twice the growth of breast implant surgery, according to new statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. (iStock)

“In cases where a woman wants larger or smaller breasts, additional procedures such as augmentation or reduction can be done in conjunction with a breast lift,” she said. 

Dr. Brian Reagan of CosmetiCare, who practices in San Diego, California, said many patients come to his practice for lifts after they have children — usually a few months post-breastfeeding.


“The breasts will change for months after breastfeeding, so we want to wait a minimum of three months,” he told Fox News Digital.

Types of breast lifts

There are several different mastopexy procedures depending on the degree of lift needed, Chen advised.

A “crescent lift” is the least invasive procedure. In this case, a crescent of skin at the top of the nipple-areolar complex is removed to improve the position of the nipple, Chen said. 


“The crescent lift is called for when the breasts are basically perky, but the woman wants her nipple-areolar complex adjusted upward slightly,” the doctor noted. 


“In cases where a woman also wants bigger breasts, the crescent lift can be performed in conjunction with breast augmentation.”

Woman in mirror

“As women get older, it is typical and natural for the skin to lose elasticity and for the breasts to drop,” said a New York-based plastic surgeon and breast reconstruction specialist (not pictured).  (iStock)

A “Benelli lift” is also used to provide a small lift for barely drooping breasts. 

“Here, a doughnut-shaped incision is made around the nipple-areolar complex, and the skin is tightened,” Chen said. “While this kind of breast lift is less invasive than a full lift, it can have the side effect of flattening the breast. An implant can be used to improve the projection of the breast.”

A “lollipop lift,” or a short-scar vertical mastopexy, is used when the breast tissue itself needs to be positioned higher on the chest wall, the doctor noted. 



“The short-scar vertical mastopexy refers to the limited scars around the nipple-areolar complex and then vertically to the fold below the breast, which looks like a lollipop,” Chen said. “In this procedure, more breast skin is removed, and the underlying breast tissue is repositioned to significantly change the breast shape and lift it up.” 

Finally, an “anchor lift” — or the traditional Wise-pattern mastopexy — adds a horizontal scar along the crease below the breast to the same scars of the vertical mastopexy, which allows for reshaping and repositioning of the tissue. 

Woman at doctor's office

Every plastic surgery procedure comes with some degree of risk — and breast lifts are no exception, experts say. (iStock)

“This is an older procedure used by older surgeons not trained in the vertical mastopexy, who are particularly prone to using it when there is significant sagging in large breasts,” Chen noted.

The vertical and the Wise-pattern mastopexies are both full breast lifts that are equally effective in creating a perkier, more youthful result, according to Chen. 



“The vertical mastopexy is also called the ‘short-scar mastopexy’ because it eliminates the horizontal scar in the inframammary fold,” she said. “It is an improvement on the anchor lift.”

She added, “The full mastopexy is the most commonly performed breast lift, because it is usually the appropriate technique for someone who wants a noticeable change to their breast appearance.”

Risks of breast lifts

Every plastic surgery procedure comes with some degree of risk — and breast lifts are no exception.

Woman with doctor

“The ideal candidate [for a breast lift] is someone who is healthy, has no medical issues and has deflated, droopy breasts,” one expert said.  (iStock)

Reagan said the main risks associated with breast lifts are a decrease in nipple sensation, potential loss of tissue (including the nipple) and poor scarring.

Due to elevated risk, there are certain groups of people who are not good candidates for the procedure, he said.



He advises against smokers getting a breast lift, for example.

“Actively smoking can cause delayed healing and possible open wounds,” Reagan said. 

He recommends kicking the habit at least six to eight weeks prior to surgery.


People who have existing medical issues, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, are also not good candidates, the doctor warned.

“The ideal candidate is someone who is healthy, has no medical issues and has deflated, droopy breasts,” he said.

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Broasted Chicken: All You Need For Crispy-Outside, Juicy-Inside Fried Chicken Is *This* Genius Lid Technique



Broasted Chicken: All You Need For Crispy-Outside, Juicy-Inside Fried Chicken Is *This* Genius Lid Technique

When it comes to fried chicken, we’ve heard so many different tricks and family secrets for getting the crunchiest and juiciest bites, from soaking in buttermilk to using a special blend of seasonings. And here’s another twist that recently caught our attention: “broasting.” This method uses pressure cooking and deep-frying to cook every part of the chicken evenly. The result: fried chicken that’s less greasy, yet is still moist and coated in a deliciously crispy crust. It’s the secret behind so many restaurant’s amazing fried chicken, and while traditional broasting uses a one-of-a-kind machine that simultaneously steams and fries, you don’t need an appliance to create broasted-style chicken — simply using a sturdy skillet and lid will do the trick. Here’s the scoop on broasted chicken and an easy recipe to make the next time you’re craving this comfort food classic!

What it means when chicken is “broasted”

Broasting is different from traditional, open pan-frying methods as it involves a special pressure fryer (don’t worry, though, you don’t need this as you’ll learn below). Brian Jupiter, executive chef and owner of the restaurants Frontier and Ina Mae Tavern in Chicago, notes that this machine fries the chicken in a closed environment. This creates steam and pressure that seals in the meat’s juices. It also prevents sudden drops in oil temperature that could cause the chicken to become greasy. “Broasting pressurizes the chamber of frying oil, allowing temperatures to stay consistently high for a certain amount of time,” he explains. “This creates a lighter and even crisper texture on the chicken.”

Jupiter adds that broasting was invented by engineer L.A.M Phelan in the 1950s. He designed equipment that pressure-fried chicken quickly and thoroughly, and his machine was eventually mass-produced specifically for restaurants and fast food chains, where broasting remains a staple method for frying large batches of chicken. But, you don’t need a clunky and pricey broasting machine to achieve the same golden brown and succulent results at home.

How to mimic the broasting method

A key aspect of broasting is steam, which is generated when the fryer is covered and the pressurized settings are applied. Although it’s tricky to create that same level of pressure in a normal skillet, cookbook author Pam Anderson says you can mimic the method with just a lid. The trick: “As soon as I get all my chicken pieces in the skillet, I cover the skillet for the first half of cooking time, then uncover it for the second half.”.The lid traps in moisture and heat to steam the meat while helping maintain a consistent oil temperature. Removing it halfway through lets the skin get nice and crispy.

Food writer and biochemist Shirley Corriher also swears by covering the pan during the first half of the frying process. “Covering the skillet does make a racket, though — it’s the drops of condensed moisture dropping into the oil that create all that carrying-on,” she says. This is why it’s a good idea to have an oil shield like BergKoch’s Splatter Screen (Buy from Amazon, $10.99) handy to prevent grease from splattering and making cleanup more of a hassle.


Hungry for broasted-style chicken? If so, we’ve got the perfect recipe for you!

A delicious broasted-inspired chicken recipe

Our Southern Fried Chicken recipe takes inspiration from the broasting method to create moist dark and white meat. Additionally, this recipe coats the chicken in self-rising flour instead of all-purpose for an even crunchier crust. Clearly, this recipe has all the makings for a finger-licking batch of fried chicken that your crowd will love!

Southern Fried Chicken



  • 2 qts. vegetables or canola oil
  • 2 tsp. garlic powder
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • ½ tsp. pepper
  • 3 eggs
  • ½ cup hot pepper sauce, such as Tabasco
  • 1 cup self-rising flour
  • 1 (3 to 4 lb.) chicken, cut into 8 pieces


  • Active: 30 mins
  • Total time: 1 hr
  • Yield: 6 servings
  1. In large pot or deep fryer, heat oil over medium-high heat until very hot but not smoking, about 350°F. Place rack over large rimmed baking sheet.
  2. In small bowl, combine garlic powder, salt and pepper. In shallow bowl, whisk together eggs and hot sauce. Spread flour in shallow dish or pie pan.
  3. Heat oven to 200°F. Sprinkle all sides of chicken pieces with garlic mixture; dip each piece into egg mixture, letting excess drip off back into bowl, then coat with flour, shaking off excess.
  4. Place first batch of chicken in skillet, cover and cook 8 to 10 minutes. Remove lid, flip and cook another 8 to 10 minutes or until golden brown and internal temperature registers 165ºF. (Check chicken after 5 minutes; if browning too quickly, flip pieces and reduce heat to medium).
  5. Transfer cooked chicken to rack on baking sheet. Place baking sheet in oven to keep warm while frying remaining chicken. Serve with favorite sides and enjoy!

To whip up more hearty classics at home, check out the recipes below:

Loretta Lynn’s Famous Chicken and Dumplings Recipe Is Southern Comfort in a Bowl

Move Over Fudge Sauce — Chocolate Gravy Offers a Taste of True Nostalgia and Comfort

Celebrity Chef Gina Neely’s Secret to Making Okra Less Slimy — Plus 5 Easy Okra Recipes


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