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Victor S. Navasky, a Leading Liberal Voice in Journalism, Dies at 90

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Victor S. Navasky, a witty and contrarian journalist who for 27 years as both editor or writer commanded The Nation, the left-leaning journal that’s America’s oldest weekly, and who additionally wrote the e book “Naming Names,” a breakthrough chronicle of the Hollywood blacklisting period, died on Monday in Manhattan. He was 90.

His dying, in a hospital, was attributable to pneumonia, his son, Bruno, mentioned. Mr. Navasky had houses on the Higher West Aspect of Manhattan and in Hillsdale, N.Y.

The Nation, primarily based in New York, was based in 1865 by abolitionists and had lengthy been an influential voice for civil rights, free expression, progressive labor laws and criticism of the Vietnam Conflict. When he was named editor in 1978, Mr. Navasky launched a droll sensibility that leavened the journal’s typically too-earnest prose.

Along with adopting an irreverent tone in his personal articles, he inspired idiosyncratic writers like Alexander Cockburn, Christopher Hitchens and Calvin Trillin, who in his “Uncivil Liberties” column referred to his boss as “the wily and parsimonious Victor S. Navasky.”

Mr. Navasky additionally supplied a discussion board for feminist voices, like these of Katha Pollitt and Katrina vanden Heuvel, who succeeded him as editor in 1995 when he led a bunch of traders in shopping for the journal and have become its writer. He stepped down as writer in 2005, succeeded by Ms. vanden Heuvel.

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Mr. Navasky provided a way of his editorial method in an interview with The Brooklyn Rail in 2002.

“I feel it was Walter Cronkite who used to finish his nightly newscasts by saying, ‘That’s the way in which it’s.’ Effectively, I wished to place out {a magazine} which might say: ‘That’s not the way in which it’s in any respect. Let’s take one other look.’”

Circulation rose from 20,000 when Mr. Navasky took the editorial helm to 132,000, not together with 15,000 on-line subscriptions, in 2019, when Ms. vanden Heuvel stepped down as editor (although she remained the writer). However such numbers understate the journal’s affect on liberal policymakers — teachers, pundits, progressive activists, authorities officers and congressional workers members — individuals who have been “focused on concepts,” as Mr. Navasky mentioned.

He was identified for his ardent steadiness as a Chilly Conflict warrior. He wrote items defending Alger Hiss, a excessive State Division official within the Thirties, in opposition to costs that he had been a Soviet spy, and assailing the federal government’s dealing with of the prosecution and sentencing of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who have been additionally charged with spying for the Soviets and have been executed.

As new revelations over the many years appeared to again up costs in each circumstances, Mr. Navasky questioned the reliability of the proof, and at his dying the guilt of Alger Hiss and, at the very least, Ethel Rosenberg was nonetheless open to query.

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Mr. Navasky’s wry iconoclasm began early. Whereas at Yale Regulation College, he and a pal based a satirical journal, Monocle, and some years later tried to make a go of publishing it in New York Metropolis as a free-standing “leisurely quarterly,” which Mr. Navasky mentioned meant it got here out twice a yr.

An early version gave readers a style of its method to humor. It featured a model of the Gettysburg handle as orated by the president on the time, Dwight D. Eisenhower. It started: “I haven’t checked these figures but, however 87 years in the past, I feel it was …”

Distributed by Simon and Schuster, the journal treaded water for half a decade, drawing such writers as Nora Ephron, Sidney Zion, C.D.B. Bryan, Ralph Nader, Dan Greenburg and Marvin Kitman. Throughout the 1963 newspaper strike in New York Metropolis, Monocle put out parody problems with The New York Put up and The Each day Information, referred to as The Pest and The Each day Noose.

Monocle made an occasional massive splash with its publication of the e book “Report From Iron Mountain: On the Chance and Desirability of Peace” (1966), a satire of think-tank suppose by Leonard Lewin. Predicting that the American financial system would collapse if preparations for warfare ought to finish, the e book was taken significantly by many regardless of statements by its creators that it was a hoax; its afterlife amongst conspiracy theorists continues.

For a time after Monocle’s demise, Mr. Navasky turned to writing well-reported and considerate, typically provocative journal articles. For The New York Occasions Journal, he profiled Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey, former Supreme Court docket Justice Abe Fortas and the protection lawyer William Kunstler.

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A number of of his items had a Monocle-like bemusement to them, like his portrait of the clubby world of New York intellectuals, even when by some measures he would have match proper in.

“That you could be by no means have heard of a majority of those folks is no surprise,” he wrote, “as a result of members of this institution historically speak solely to one another and publish in journals that are ready primarily for one another’s consumption.”

Mr. Navasky went on to publish two extensively praised works of historical past. The columnist Joseph Kraft referred to as Mr. Navasky’s “Kennedy Justice,” a 1971 research of the Justice Division beneath Legal professional Basic Robert F. Kennedy, “most likely the perfect e book ever accomplished on the workings of an amazing division of American authorities.”

Virtually a decade later, Mr. Navasky printed “Naming Names” (1980), thought of by many the definitive account of the Hollywood blacklisting period. The e book centered on the ex-Communist writers, administrators and producers who testified earlier than the Home Un-American Actions Committee and selected to tell on colleagues.

Critics praised the e book for its equity and its compassion for folks grappling with wrenching selections. Nevertheless, some conservative critics mentioned it was extra inclined to denigrate the so-called informers, just like the novelist Budd Schulberg and the director Elia Kazan, whose tortured explanations for his or her selections Mr. Navasky discovered illogical.

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“His sympathies are clearly with those that refused to call names,” Richard Sennett wrote in The New York Occasions E-book Evaluate. “However he refuses to prejudge the informers, to deal with them merely as cowards or monsters.”

The e book obtained the Nationwide E-book Award in 1982 for basic nonfiction-paperback.

Victor Saul Navasky was born on July 5, 1932, on the Higher West Aspect, the second youngster of Macy and Esther (Goldberg) Navasky. His father was the half proprietor of a clothes manufacturing enterprise, and his mom was her husband’s secretary and bookkeeper.

Victor attended the Rudolph Steiner College, then the Little Purple Schoolhouse and Elizabeth Irwin Excessive College in Greenwich Village, each common with households on the bohemian left. He obtained a bachelor’s diploma in 1954 from Swarthmore School and served two years within the Military, working as a medic outdoors Anchorage and writing for and enhancing his regimental publication. Afterward, he attended Yale Regulation College on the G.I. Invoice, graduating in 1959.

He married Annie Strongin, a stockbroker, in 1966. Along with his son, she survives him, together with two daughters, Miri and Jenny Navasky, and 5 grandchildren.

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Mr. Navasky joined The Occasions in 1970 as a manuscript editor and workers author for The Occasions Journal and was a frequent e book reviewer. His admiring overview of a group of articles by The New Yorker author and editor Roger Angell was written within the “we” voice then used then for a number of the journal’s chatty Speak of the City items. It closed with a line about “a woman we all know” who could be delighted with a present of the e book and is “totally able to debating what number of Angells can dance on the pinnacle of a pin.”

Shortly earlier than he left the paper in 1972, Mr. Navasky started writing “In Chilly Print,” a month-to-month column on the publishing world for The Occasions E-book Evaluate. It appeared till 1976.

He took an uncharacteristic profession detour in 1974, managing the quixotic Democratic marketing campaign of former U.S. Legal professional Basic Ramsey Clark to unseat New York’s common Sen. Jacob Ok. Javits, a Republican. When Mr. Navasky volunteered that he had no expertise in this sort of work, Mr. Clark responded, “That makes two of us.’’

Mr. Clark was candid to a fault, endorsing the creation of a Palestinian state in “co-union with Jordan” at a time when that place would value him Jewish voters, and defending a visit he took to Hanoi, the North Vietnamese capital, on the top of the Vietnam Conflict. Mr. Navasky didn’t attempt to dissuade him from taking such positions, and Senator Javits received handily regardless of an anti-Republican tide that yr spurred by the Watergate scandal.

After stepping down in 2005 to grow to be The Nation’s writer emeritus, Mr. Navasky taught journal writing and enhancing on the Columbia College Graduate College of Journalism, directed its George T. Delacorte Heart for Journal Journalism and chaired The Columbia Journalism Evaluate. The final place drew complaints from conservative media that he was a partisan holding a management place with a watchdog journal that was imagined to impartially assess the standard and ethics of newspapers, magazines and different media.

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Mr. Navasky utilized his leftist outlook in at the very least one nook of his private life — his trip dwelling, in Hillsdale, in Columbia County close to the Connecticut border. In 1971, he, a pal and their wives bought a 130-acre property there that they divvied up amongst 13 folks and their households — together with a painter, a poet, a violinist, an astrophysicist, an N.A.A.C.P. lawyer, a psychotherapist and a number of other writers.

It appeared to a Occasions reporter describing the association in a 2009 article the equal of a Sixties commune, minus the medication and group intercourse. Ever the impartial thinker, Mr. Navasky rejected that description.

“Actually,” he mentioned, “it’s extra of a middle-class comfort than a ’60s commune.” It was additionally, he added, “weirdly nonpolitical.”

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, a longtime e book critic for The Occasions who died in 2018, and Alex Traub contributed reporting.

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The Week in Business: The Fed Slows Down

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The Federal Reserve continued its marketing campaign to raise rates of interest to tame rising costs on Wednesday, however this time the announcement of one other improve — by 1 / 4 level — was inflected with some optimism. For starters, the transfer was smaller than the half-point improve that preceded it and far smaller than the streak of three-quarter-point jumps earlier than that. The central financial institution’s choice was additionally accompanied by uncommon excellent news from Jerome H. Powell, the Fed chair, who stated that “the disinflationary course of has began.” After all, there are caveats. Mr. Powell hinted that the Fed nonetheless deliberate to boost charges to simply above 5 p.c this yr and warned that “the job is just not absolutely performed” in tamping down inflation. Nonetheless, buyers despatched shares larger within the hope that the Fed’s price will increase have been close to an finish.

Jobs numbers soared far previous analysts’ forecasts on Friday, when the Labor Division reported that employers added 517,000 jobs in January on a seasonally adjusted foundation. These numbers had been falling since July, reaching a low of 260,000 added jobs in December. The downward development appeared to be proof that the Fed’s efforts to chill off the economic system had reached the labor market, although policymakers have been nonetheless anxious that it remained a lot too tight. January’s knowledge solely intensifies these issues. Mass layoffs in tech and different industries have additionally had little impact on the general power of the job market. Earlier within the week, the Labor Division reported that job openings had risen to 11 million, a 5.5 p.c improve, and layoffs remained at an unusually low degree.

A jury on Friday discovered that Elon Musk was not responsible for buyers’ losses when he tweeted “funding secured” in 2018, suggesting that he had lined up the financing to take Tesla non-public. Attorneys for the corporate and Mr. Musk, the chief government of Tesla and now Twitter, had argued that he was such a profitable businessman that he might have simply obtained financing to take Tesla non-public. Mr. Musk has already paid $40 million in fines to the Securities and Change Fee in a settlement over expenses of securities fraud associated to that tweet.

Robert A. Iger, Disney’s new-old chief government, faces a significant take a look at this week as Disney studies its first quarterly earnings since he returned to the function. The corporate’s board introduced him again to course appropriate after a disastrous earnings report final quarter, when Disney skilled “peak losses” and fell in need of analysts’ expectations for each income and earnings per share. Bob Chapek, the chief government on the time, had hoped to return the corporate to profitability within the fiscal yr that begins this fall, however that problem now lies within the arms of Mr. Iger. And will probably be a problem. For months, Disney has been hinting at layoffs and different cost-cutting measures that haven’t come about. Traders are additionally ready for the corporate to disclose a brand new working construction. They are going to be particularly looking forward to solutions, and outcomes, if the analysts who’re forecasting per-share earnings of about 79 cents, down from $1.06 a yr earlier, are appropriate.

The economic system is prone to be a significant topic of President Biden’s State of the Union tackle on Tuesday, the second of his presidency. As recession fears collect on the horizon, Mr. Biden will need to spotlight vibrant spots in his dealing with of the economic system: He’s virtually sure to say the power of the job market all through his tenure, which he cheers with every new report from the Labor Division, and the low price of unemployment. He’ll most likely additionally level to the latest moderation in inflation, which has strained American households over the past yr. His high financial aides, nevertheless, are cut up on how a lot to debate new spending proposals, together with investments in baby care, prekindergarten and paid depart, with some arguing that Mr. Biden ought to as a substitute focus extra on the sweeping infrastructure invoice he signed into legislation.

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Meta’s inventory surged on Thursday, including $100 billion in worth, a day after the corporate reported better-than-expected quarterly earnings and stated it might purchase again billions of {dollars} of its inventory. However Meta’s fourth-quarter report didn’t embody any significantly excellent news. Internet revenue fell 55 p.c, income fell 4 p.c and prices rose 22 p.c from a yr earlier. However on this difficult atmosphere, flat, and even barely down, can look promising to buyers and sign a change within the firm’s fortunes. They have been additionally inspired to see Meta, identified for its lavish perks and facilities, pivot to austerity. Earlier within the week, a federal decide rejected the Federal Commerce Fee’s request to dam Meta from shopping for Inside, a small digital actuality start-up. The choice is a big setback for Lina Khan, the F.T.C.’s chair, who pursued the case as a part of her mission to crack down on tech consolidation.

Step apart, pandemic puppies. Persons are shopping for inflation chickens as costs for eggs soar. A Colorado senator known as on Apple and Google to ban TikTok from their app shops. Shell, Exxon and Chevron had one other record-breaking earnings season, pulling in billions in earnings due to larger costs for practically all fuels.

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China mira hacia México para satisfacer al mercado de EE. UU.

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Invoice Chan nunca había puesto un pie en México, y mucho menos en la solitaria franja desértica del norte del país donde apruptamente decidió construir una fábrica de 300 millones de dólares. Pero eso le parecía un detalle insignificante, en medio de la presión para adaptarse a una economía world que cambia con rapidez.

Period enero de 2022 y la empresa de Chan, Man Wah Furnishings Manufacturing, enfrentaba grandes dificultades al trasladar los sofás de sus fábricas en China a los clientes en Estados Unidos. Los precios de envío se habían disparado. Washington y Pekín estaban enfrascados en una feroz guerra comercial.

Man Wah, una de las empresas de muebles más grandes de China, estaba ansiosa por fabricar sus productos en el lado norteamericano del Pacífico.

“Nuestro principal mercado es Estados Unidos”, dijo Chan, director ejecutivo de la subsidiaria mexicana de Man Wah. “No queremos perder ese mercado”.

Ese mismo objetivo explica por qué decenas de importantes empresas chinas están invirtiendo agresivamente en México, aprovechando un acuerdo comercial expansivo con América del Norte. Siguiendo un camino forjado por las empresas japonesas y surcoreanas, las firmas chinas están estableciendo fábricas que les permiten etiquetar sus productos como “Hecho en México”, y luego los transportan en camiones libres de impuestos a Estados Unidos.

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El interés de los fabricantes chinos en México forma parte de una tendencia más amplia conocida como nearshoring o deslocalización cercana. Las empresas internacionales están acercando la producción a los clientes para limitar su vulnerabilidad a los problemas de transporte y las tensiones geopolíticas.

La participación de las empresas chinas en este cambio muestra la suposición cada vez más profunda de que la brecha que divide a Estados Unidos y China será una característica duradera de la próxima fase de la globalización. Sin embargo, también revela algo elementary: más allá de las tensiones políticas, las fuerzas comerciales que unen a Estados Unidos y China son aún más poderosas.

Las empresas chinas no tienen intención de abandonar la economía estadounidense, que sigue siendo la más grande del mundo. En cambio, están estableciendo operaciones dentro del bloque comercial de América del Norte como una forma de suministrar bienes a los estadounidenses, desde productos electrónicos hasta ropa y muebles.

El estado fronterizo mexicano de Nuevo León se ha posicionado para cosechar las recompensas de esa tendencia. Dirigido por un impetuoso gobernador de 35 años, Samuel García, el estado ha cortejado la inversión extranjera mientras busca mejorar las carreteras para facilitar el paso a los cruces fronterizos.

García asistió recientemente al Foro Económico Mundial en Davos, Suiza, para reclutar más empresas.

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“Nuevo León está teniendo un alineamiento planetario geopolítico”, declaró el gobernador durante una entrevista en la capital del estado de Monterrey, dentro del palacio de gobierno, un laberinto de grandes habitaciones con techos altos y balcones que miran hacia los picos irregulares de la Sierra Madre. “Estamos recibiendo muchos asiáticos que quieren venir al mercado estadounidense”.

Desde que García asumió el cargo en octubre de 2021, se han invertido casi 7000 millones de dólares en inversiones extranjeras en Nuevo León, lo que convierte a ese estado en el mayor receptor después de Ciudad de México, según la Secretaría de Economía de México.

En 2021, las empresas chinas fueron responsables del 30 por ciento de la inversión extranjera en Nuevo León, solo superadas por Estados Unidos con el 47 por ciento.

Parte de este dinero está financiando fábricas que harán productos terminados para la venta en Estados Unidos. Pero buena parte de esas operaciones se centran en una remodelación más amplia de la cadena de suministro world.

A medida que la pandemia interrumpió la industria china y colapsó los puertos, las empresas con fábricas en Estados Unidos sufrieron escasez de piezas manufacturadas en Asia. Ahora muchas compañías exigen que sus proveedores establezcan plantas en América del Norte o corren el riesgo de perder su negocio.

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Lizhong, un fabricante chino de rines para automóviles, está construyendo la primera fábrica de la compañía fuera de Asia en un parque industrial en Nuevo León. Los principales clientes de Lizhong, incluidos Ford y Common Motors, presionaron a la empresa para que abriera una fábrica en América del Norte, según Wang Bing, su gerente common para México.

Una empresa de Corea del Sur, DY Energy, que fabrica componentes para equipos de construcción, está considerando el norte de México para instalar una fábrica cerca de un importante cliente en Texas.

“Después de pasar por la pandemia y la disaster de la cadena de suministro debido al cierre de China por la covid, a muchos fabricantes norteamericanos les gustaría eliminar el riesgo”, dijo Sean Website positioning, ejecutivo de DY Energy con sede en Seattle.

“La globalización ha terminado”, declaró. “Ahora se habla de local-ización”.

César Santos ha hecho una apuesta sustancial respecto a que esos pronunciamientos resulten ciertos.

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Santos, un abogado corporativo de 65 años, dirige una empresa secundaria como desarrollador en Monterrey, una ciudad industrial en auge llena de restaurantes de lujo, centros comerciales resplandecientes y spas.

Hace una década, se le acercó un desarrollador en Los Ángeles que representaba a una empresa electrónica china que estaba contemplando construir una fábrica en México. Santos controlaba un activo de gran interés: una parcela de 849 hectáreas.

Salpicada de cactus, la propiedad se encontraba a menos de 241 kilómetros de la frontera con Texas. Mientras los estados vecinos luchaban con la violencia vinculada al narcotráfico, Nuevo León tenía una reputación de seguridad. El estado contaba con una fuerza laboral altamente calificada, dada la presencia de universidades que producían en masa graduados de ingeniería, entre ellas el Tec de Monterrey, a menudo denominado “el MIT de México”.

La tierra había sido el rancho ganadero de su familia cuando Santos period un niño, el escenario de aventuras a caballo. Ahora ve una oportunidad lucrativa para convertirlo en un parque industrial.

Hizo un viaje a China, en un tren de alta velocidad desde Shanghái hasta la ciudad de Hangzhou, frente a un lago, para reunirse con Holley Group, que había construido un parque industrial para empresas chinas en Tailandia.

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“China period un país que había desarrollado todo muy rápido”, dijo Santos. “Estaba realmente asombrado”.

Para 2015, se unió a Holley y otro socio chino para forjar una empresa conjunta, Hofusan Actual Property. Planean una purple de almacenes y fábricas frente a un lodge y apartamentos temporales para gerentes visitantes, además de más de 12.000 hogares para trabajadores.

El Grupo Holley envió a Jiang Xin para supervisar la empresa. Antes había trabajado en el proyecto de esa empresa en Tailandia. Pero México representaba una propuesta diferente.

“Las empresas chinas no tenían thought de México, y las únicas cosas que sabíamos eran cosas malas, cosas peligrosas”, dijo Jiang. “Luego vino Trump”.

Cuando asumió la presidencia en 2017, Donald Trump exigió que las empresas estadounidenses abandonaran China. Para 2018, estaba aplicando fuertes aranceles a cientos de miles de millones de dólares en importaciones chinas.

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“Lo de los aranceles nos ayudó”, dijo Jiang. “Las empresas chinas querían más opciones. Y nosotros somos una de sus opciones”.

Cuando Chan comenzó a contemplar la posibilidad de operar en México en el otoño de 2021, otras 27 empresas chinas ya habían asegurado terrenos dentro del parque Hofusan. Solo quedaba un predio grande.

Man Wah ya había respondido a los aranceles construyendo una fábrica en Vietnam y usándola con el fin de manufacturar productos para el mercado estadounidense. Pero el precio altísimo de los envíos empobreció esa estrategia.

Cada mes, Man Wah estaba moviendo 3500 contenedores de 12 metros a través del Pacífico desde Vietnam. De repente, los viajes que costaban 2000 dólares se incrementaron 10 veces más.

Chan usó la plataforma de redes sociales china, WeChat, para conectarse con Jiang. Sus preguntas eran contundentes. ¿Qué tan pronto podría Man Wah comenzar la construcción? (Inmediatamente). ¿Cómo estaban las carreteras? (No eran excelentes, pero estaban mejorando). ¿Había algún restaurante chino auténtico en los alrededores? (No).

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En cuestión de semanas, Man Wah se comprometió a comprar el terreno. En enero de 2022, Chan firmó el contrato antes de abordar un vuelo a México, dejando atrás a su esposa y sus dos hijos en la ciudad china de Shenzhen.

Mientras se construye la nueva fábrica, Man Wah ya ha comenzado a producir sofás en una pequeña planta cercana que alquilaron.

Incluso antes de ubicar el sitio temporal, Chan cargó 70 contenedores llenos de maquinaria y materias primas en China y los puso en un barco con destino a México.

“Siempre hacemos las cosas rápido”, dijo. “No te preocupes por nada, solo hazlo”.

Man Wah se preocupa por algunas cosas: contratar suficientes trabajadores y cultivar proveedores locales.

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La empresa tiene planes de fabricar cerca de 900.000 piezas de mueblería al año en México. Eso requerirá contratar y retener a 6000 trabajadores.

Man Wah está acostumbrado a operar en China y Vietnam, donde los sindicatos independientes están básicamente prohibidos y la gente de las zonas rurales acude a las zonas industriales en busca de trabajo.

En Nuevo León, la tasa de desempleo es de 3,6 por ciento. El aumento de la inversión ha desencadenado una feroz competencia por los trabajadores.

Las empresas astutas han cortejado a sus empleados con extras como comidas de calidad y transporte al trabajo. Pero Man Wah y otras empresas chinas responden a los jefes en China, que están condicionados hacia el ahorro mientras piensan en los trabajadores como fácilmente remplazables.

Encontrar proveedores locales también es un desafío. Según los términos del acuerdo comercial de América del Norte, los fabricantes deben emplear porcentajes mínimos de piezas y materias primas de la región para calificar para el acceso libre de impuestos a los demás países del bloque.

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Hace tres años, Lenovo, el fabricante chino de computadoras, abrió una nueva fábrica en Monterrey dedicada a fabricar servidores, los dispositivos que almacenan datos para la computación en la nube.

Hasta el año pasado, Lenovo traía un componente essential, las llamadas placas base, desde una fábrica en China. Pero a medida que se intensificaron los problemas de transporte internacional, la empresa cambió a un proveedor en la ciudad mexicana de Guadalajara.

Lenovo también dejó de importar materiales de embalaje de China y, en cambio, los compra en México.

Pero continúa importando muchos componentes clave de China, desde dispositivos de memoria hasta cables especializados.

“No existe una cadena de suministro para estas cosas en México”, dijo Leandro Sardela, director de operaciones occidentales de la empresa.

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Peter S. Goodman es corresponsal de economía mundial, con sede en Nueva York. Antes fue corresponsal de economía mundial con sede en Londres y corresponsal económico nacional en Nueva York durante la Gran Recesión. También trabajó en The Washington Publish como jefe de la oficina de Shanghái. @petersgoodman

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Value Stocks? Growth Stocks? Markets Last Year Turned Everything Topsy-Turvy.

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These conclusions are a startling signal of how a lot the world and its monetary markets have been battered within the final yr or two.

Till the S&P Indices findings, for instance, Exxon and Chevron had been virtually universally labeled as worth shares. Within the pondering that prevailed a few years in the past, an pressing want to handle international warming impaired the long-term viability of fossil gasoline corporations. Even amongst traders who favored their shares, these corporations have been presumed to be a great worth exactly as a result of they have been so retro.

Final yr, at the very least, these assumptions about progress and worth shares have been overturned, together with many different presumptions in regards to the world.

Russia’s yearlong battle in Ukraine set off a sequence of unanticipated shocks that elevated world oil and gasoline costs. Vitality costs have come down a bit, however nonetheless stay excessive.

Publicly traded power corporations had outsize good points in gross sales, income and inventory costs. Exxon and Chevron have each reported document income for final yr. The S&P 500 dropped greater than 18 % in 2022, however power was the one sector to rise, with an eye-popping complete return of just about 67 %, together with dividends. The sector’s gross sales, worth and earnings momentum remodeled its greatest elements into progress shares, at the very least within the backward-looking lens utilized by S&P 500 Indices.

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On the identical time, the eight huge tech corporations stumbled, for idiosyncratic causes, in addition to systemic ones. Tesla, for instance, faces severe competitors out there for electrical autos, even because the Twitter escapades of its proprietor, Elon Musk, could also be turning off some would-be automotive consumers. Meta reported a unbroken decline in gross sales and earnings on Wednesday, although its inventory soared on plans for additional share buybacks, amid a broad inventory market rally fueled by hopes that the Federal Reserve’s rate of interest will increase have been abating. Nonetheless, the dimensions of its unprofitable investments in digital actuality have apprehensive many traders. Netflix, which as soon as stated it competed solely with sleep for the eye of its subscribers, now jousts with a horde of streaming corporations.

However, in broad phrases, two real-world components are liable for their reclassification this yr. First, whereas the preliminary, lockdown section of the Covid-19 pandemic usually elevated tech corporations’ gross sales and income in 2020 and 2021, it set them up for a pointy decline of their progress charges in 2022 because the financial system recovered.

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