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Live Nation Faces a Skeptical Senate

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Two months after Ticketmaster canceled gross sales for Taylor Swift’s upcoming Eras tour, a prime government from its father or mother firm, Reside Nation Leisure, will seem on the Senate on Tuesday to defend the corporate. (Ms. Swift herself isn’t scheduled to point out up.)

Anticipate lawmakers to pepper Reside Nation’s president and C.F.O., Joe Berchtold, with questions on whether or not its grip on ticket gross sales for the live performance and occasions trade — it controls about 70 p.c, by some critics’ reckoning — is just too tight.

“Nonetheless you take a look at it, that’s a monopoly,” Senator Amy Klobuchar, the Minnesota Democrat who chairs the Senate’s antitrust subcommittee, advised Rolling Stone. Critics have accused Reside Nation of utilizing its market dominance to cost excessive charges and of threatening to ice out venues from Reside Nation occasions in the event that they don’t use Ticketmaster. (The Occasions reported in November that the Justice Division was wanting into the corporate.)

Taking over Ticketmaster is a bipartisan affair: Standing beside Ms. Klobuchar in saying a listening to on live performance ticketing final fall was Senator Mike Lee, Republican of Utah. “It strikes me as being form of problematic that they’re the one sport on the town,” Consultant Chip Roy, Republican of Texas, advised The New Republic.

Ticketmaster is not any stranger to criticism over its dominance. In 2019, Ms. Klobuchar and Senator Richard Blumenthal, Democrat of Connecticut, urged the Justice Division to analyze the “damaged” ticket trade.

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Artists have lengthy complained about Ticketmaster’s function. The band Lawrence, whose co-founder, Clyde Lawrence, wrote a Occasions Opinion essay on the subject final 12 months, included the road “Reside Nation is a monopoly” in its 2021 track “False Alarms.” Maybe most famously, Pearl Jam filed an antitrust grievance in opposition to Ticketmaster in 2004 — six years earlier than it merged with Reside Nation — kicking off a federal investigation that finally fizzled.

Reside Nation strongly denies breaking antitrust legislation. After the Swift fiasco, it attributed Ticketmaster’s dominance to “the big hole that exists between the standard of the Ticketmaster system and the subsequent greatest main ticketing system.” It additionally argues that Ticketmaster is way from having a monopoly within the secondary market. (Jack Groetzinger, the C.E.O. of SeatGeek, is scheduled to testify on Tuesday as properly.)

Nonetheless, in accordance with written testimony launched forward of Tuesday’s listening to, Mr. Berchtold of Reside Nation will say that “there are a number of issues we may have carried out higher.” He may even search responsible scalpers’ bots swarming Ticketmaster’s website for finally denying followers the flexibility to purchase tickets for the Swift tour, and he has a letter from the nation star Garth Brooks calling on Congress to make scalping unlawful.

Sam Bankman-Fried gave $400 million to an obscure crypto buying and selling agency. Federal prosecutors are investigating whether or not the funding in Modulo Capital was made with funds belonging to clients of FTX, Bankman-Fried’s bankrupt crypto trade, The Occasions stories. Elevating considerations: Mr. Bankman-Fried’s shut private ties to Modulo, and its founder’s enterprise associate. Neither of the Modulo founders have been accused of wrongdoing; by means of an legal professional, they declined to remark.

The Justice Division will reportedly sue Google over its digital advert dominance. Prosecutors could file a lawsuit as quickly as this week, in accordance with Bloomberg. It might be the division’s second antitrust swimsuit in opposition to Google lately, and a part of a broader crackdown on tech giants.

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One other activist investor reportedly emerges at Salesforce. Jeff Ubben of Inclusive Capital has taken a stake within the enterprise software program large and spoken with its co-founder, Marc Benioff, in accordance with CNBC. That might make the third activist to spend money on Salesforce, after Starboard Worth and Elliott Administration.

Elon Musk says he may have secured funding to take Tesla personal. At a trial over his 2018 effort to purchase the carmaker, Mr. Musk stated that his “funding secured” tweet referred not solely to his perception that Saudi Arabia would assist finance the deal, but in addition to his stake in SpaceX, which he may theoretically have borrowed in opposition to. Beneath questioning, he acknowledged he hadn’t talked about the SpaceX stake in a 2021 deposition.

A former senior F.B.I. official is charged with serving to a Russian oligarch. Prosecutors accused Charles McGonigal, who oversaw a number of the company’s most delicate counterintelligence operations, of taking cash from Oleg Deripaska in trade for serving to to get him off the U.S. sanctions record. It’s a uncommon accusation in opposition to a senior F.B.I. official.

Microsoft’s determination to speculate one other $10 billion within the firm behind ChatGPT may add to the troubles at Salesforce, which is already coping with activist buyers, a management shake-up and shedding hundreds of staff. Microsoft plans to combine ChatGPT know-how throughout merchandise like electronic mail, slide reveals and spreadsheets.

However DealBook has realized that Microsoft expects this know-how to enhance its software program that manages an organization’s interactions with clients — Salesforce’s most important enterprise.

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Microsoft is doubling down on buyer relations software program. Final 12 months, Microsoft launched an app referred to as Viva Gross sales that automates some buyer relationship administration, or C.R.M., features throughout its merchandise, together with Groups and Outlook. The app can, for instance, routinely write a gathering abstract, which it then makes use of to trace progress on objectives mentioned.

ChatGPT boosts this sector’s income potential for Microsoft. The product “will solely get higher with GPT,” Frank Shaw, a spokesman for Microsoft, stated, including that the know-how may additionally assist curate content material concepts or automate repetitive duties like electronic mail.

The Guggenheim Companions analyst John DiFucci estimates that C.R.M. may ultimately be a $7 billion alternative for Microsoft, up from the roughly $3 billion it brings in right this moment. “I all the time questioned why Microsoft wasn’t a extra main participant — particularly provided that they’ve Outlook, which is form of a C.R.M. system,” he stated.

However Salesforce has a powerful incumbent place. The corporate has been experimenting with its personal synthetic intelligence; its C.E.O., Marc Benioff, is a declared fan of ChatGPT. And for firms that use Salesforce, the prices of switching suppliers are excessive. Nonetheless, Microsoft is a formidable competitor and its merchandise are already ubiquitous in companies.

The addition of A.I. to that arsenal may make its merchandise “extra clever than what Salesforce has right this moment,” in accordance with Sid Nag, an analyst at Gartner. “And Salesforce has to inform the world how they may reply to that.”

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After Google’s father or mother, Alphabet, introduced the most important spherical of job cuts in its historical past, senior executives of the tech large spoke earlier than restive workers to clarify why the corporate had laid off 12,000 of their colleagues so abruptly — and why those that stay shouldn’t lose coronary heart.

Highlights from Monday’s city corridor assembly, in accordance with information stories:

  • It was not possible to offer managers extra warning concerning the cuts, Alphabet’s chief folks officer, Fiona Cicconi, stated: “In a great world, we might have given managers a heads-up, however we have now over 30,000 managers at Google.”

  • High executives may have their bonuses minimize by an unspecified quantity.

  • Ruth Porat, Alphabet’s C.F.O., denied that buyers — together with the activist shareholder TCI, which disclosed a stake within the firm and demanded price cuts — had pushed the layoff selections.

  • Laid-off staff noticed their entry to inside programs minimize instantly out of an abundance of warning, in accordance with Royal Hansen, Google’s vp of safety. The transfer irked some workers.

  • Sundar Pichai, Alphabet’s C.E.O., reminded workers that 2023 can be pivotal as the corporate confronts a number of enterprise challenges. “Will probably be an essential 12 months given the fast developments in A.I.,” he stated, echoing the corporate’s “code-red” warnings about threats like ChatGPT.


Ken Griffin, C.E.O. of the hedge fund, Citadel, on how the GameStop frenzy helped elevate his agency’s profile with potential hires.


Sweeping layoffs, looming regulatory hassle, the prospect of upstarts like ChatGPT inflicting a “code pink” disruption at tech giants — none of those challenges seem to trouble buyers.

The Nasdaq Composite has gained 8.6 p.c thus far this 12 months. Traders have been shopping for tech shares within the perception that inflation is easing sufficient for the Fed to start slowing the tempo of its rate of interest will increase.

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Tech titans are among the many best-performing shares in 2023, with the FANG+ Index — which incorporates such tech giants as Amazon, Apple, Meta and Netflix — up 14.8 p.c in 2023, on tempo for its greatest month since August 2020.

However the rally may hit hassle as quickly as Tuesday. Microsoft will report earnings after markets shut, the primary of the massive tech firms to take action. Traders might be paying shut consideration to its full-year outlook for any indicators of a pickup in clients’ I.T. spending. Earlier than the current rally, analysts had been slicing their earnings forecasts for tech firms, speculating {that a} slowing financial system would crimp revenues and earnings.

Some warn that the January rebound may fade — and quick. “Traders mustn’t assume that the simple occasions available in the market are coming again,” David Bahnsen, chief funding officer of the Bahnsen Group, a wealth administration agency, wrote in an investor notice on Monday. “We anticipate enhanced volatility” because the prospect of a recession nonetheless looms.

Offers

  • The activist investor Elliott Administration has reportedly taken an enormous stake in a Japanese conglomerate that makes elements for electrical autos and smartphone screens. (FT)

  • Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund is alleged to have explored a bid final 12 months to purchase Formulation 1 automobile racing, which it had valued at greater than $20 billion. (Bloomberg)

  • The Qatar Funding Authority doubled its stake in Credit score Suisse to turn into the financial institution’s second largest shareholder. (FT)

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  • The Supreme Court docket has requested the Biden Administration to weigh in on the constitutionality of social media legal guidelines in Florida and Texas, most likely delaying a last ruling till 2024. (NYT)

  • “Depleted Beneath Trump, a ‘Traumatized’ E.P.A. Struggles With Its Mission.” (NYT)

  • Dangling tax breaks, a cluster of U.S. states try to lure European green-tech corporations throughout the Atlantic. (FT)

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The Week in Business: The Fed Slows Down

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The Federal Reserve continued its marketing campaign to raise rates of interest to tame rising costs on Wednesday, however this time the announcement of one other improve — by 1 / 4 level — was inflected with some optimism. For starters, the transfer was smaller than the half-point improve that preceded it and far smaller than the streak of three-quarter-point jumps earlier than that. The central financial institution’s choice was additionally accompanied by uncommon excellent news from Jerome H. Powell, the Fed chair, who stated that “the disinflationary course of has began.” After all, there are caveats. Mr. Powell hinted that the Fed nonetheless deliberate to boost charges to simply above 5 p.c this yr and warned that “the job is just not absolutely performed” in tamping down inflation. Nonetheless, buyers despatched shares larger within the hope that the Fed’s price will increase have been close to an finish.

Jobs numbers soared far previous analysts’ forecasts on Friday, when the Labor Division reported that employers added 517,000 jobs in January on a seasonally adjusted foundation. These numbers had been falling since July, reaching a low of 260,000 added jobs in December. The downward development appeared to be proof that the Fed’s efforts to chill off the economic system had reached the labor market, although policymakers have been nonetheless anxious that it remained a lot too tight. January’s knowledge solely intensifies these issues. Mass layoffs in tech and different industries have additionally had little impact on the general power of the job market. Earlier within the week, the Labor Division reported that job openings had risen to 11 million, a 5.5 p.c improve, and layoffs remained at an unusually low degree.

A jury on Friday discovered that Elon Musk was not responsible for buyers’ losses when he tweeted “funding secured” in 2018, suggesting that he had lined up the financing to take Tesla non-public. Attorneys for the corporate and Mr. Musk, the chief government of Tesla and now Twitter, had argued that he was such a profitable businessman that he might have simply obtained financing to take Tesla non-public. Mr. Musk has already paid $40 million in fines to the Securities and Change Fee in a settlement over expenses of securities fraud associated to that tweet.

Robert A. Iger, Disney’s new-old chief government, faces a significant take a look at this week as Disney studies its first quarterly earnings since he returned to the function. The corporate’s board introduced him again to course appropriate after a disastrous earnings report final quarter, when Disney skilled “peak losses” and fell in need of analysts’ expectations for each income and earnings per share. Bob Chapek, the chief government on the time, had hoped to return the corporate to profitability within the fiscal yr that begins this fall, however that problem now lies within the arms of Mr. Iger. And will probably be a problem. For months, Disney has been hinting at layoffs and different cost-cutting measures that haven’t come about. Traders are additionally ready for the corporate to disclose a brand new working construction. They are going to be particularly looking forward to solutions, and outcomes, if the analysts who’re forecasting per-share earnings of about 79 cents, down from $1.06 a yr earlier, are appropriate.

The economic system is prone to be a significant topic of President Biden’s State of the Union tackle on Tuesday, the second of his presidency. As recession fears collect on the horizon, Mr. Biden will need to spotlight vibrant spots in his dealing with of the economic system: He’s virtually sure to say the power of the job market all through his tenure, which he cheers with every new report from the Labor Division, and the low price of unemployment. He’ll most likely additionally level to the latest moderation in inflation, which has strained American households over the past yr. His high financial aides, nevertheless, are cut up on how a lot to debate new spending proposals, together with investments in baby care, prekindergarten and paid depart, with some arguing that Mr. Biden ought to as a substitute focus extra on the sweeping infrastructure invoice he signed into legislation.

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Meta’s inventory surged on Thursday, including $100 billion in worth, a day after the corporate reported better-than-expected quarterly earnings and stated it might purchase again billions of {dollars} of its inventory. However Meta’s fourth-quarter report didn’t embody any significantly excellent news. Internet revenue fell 55 p.c, income fell 4 p.c and prices rose 22 p.c from a yr earlier. However on this difficult atmosphere, flat, and even barely down, can look promising to buyers and sign a change within the firm’s fortunes. They have been additionally inspired to see Meta, identified for its lavish perks and facilities, pivot to austerity. Earlier within the week, a federal decide rejected the Federal Commerce Fee’s request to dam Meta from shopping for Inside, a small digital actuality start-up. The choice is a big setback for Lina Khan, the F.T.C.’s chair, who pursued the case as a part of her mission to crack down on tech consolidation.

Step apart, pandemic puppies. Persons are shopping for inflation chickens as costs for eggs soar. A Colorado senator known as on Apple and Google to ban TikTok from their app shops. Shell, Exxon and Chevron had one other record-breaking earnings season, pulling in billions in earnings due to larger costs for practically all fuels.

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China mira hacia México para satisfacer al mercado de EE. UU.

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Invoice Chan nunca había puesto un pie en México, y mucho menos en la solitaria franja desértica del norte del país donde apruptamente decidió construir una fábrica de 300 millones de dólares. Pero eso le parecía un detalle insignificante, en medio de la presión para adaptarse a una economía world que cambia con rapidez.

Period enero de 2022 y la empresa de Chan, Man Wah Furnishings Manufacturing, enfrentaba grandes dificultades al trasladar los sofás de sus fábricas en China a los clientes en Estados Unidos. Los precios de envío se habían disparado. Washington y Pekín estaban enfrascados en una feroz guerra comercial.

Man Wah, una de las empresas de muebles más grandes de China, estaba ansiosa por fabricar sus productos en el lado norteamericano del Pacífico.

“Nuestro principal mercado es Estados Unidos”, dijo Chan, director ejecutivo de la subsidiaria mexicana de Man Wah. “No queremos perder ese mercado”.

Ese mismo objetivo explica por qué decenas de importantes empresas chinas están invirtiendo agresivamente en México, aprovechando un acuerdo comercial expansivo con América del Norte. Siguiendo un camino forjado por las empresas japonesas y surcoreanas, las firmas chinas están estableciendo fábricas que les permiten etiquetar sus productos como “Hecho en México”, y luego los transportan en camiones libres de impuestos a Estados Unidos.

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El interés de los fabricantes chinos en México forma parte de una tendencia más amplia conocida como nearshoring o deslocalización cercana. Las empresas internacionales están acercando la producción a los clientes para limitar su vulnerabilidad a los problemas de transporte y las tensiones geopolíticas.

La participación de las empresas chinas en este cambio muestra la suposición cada vez más profunda de que la brecha que divide a Estados Unidos y China será una característica duradera de la próxima fase de la globalización. Sin embargo, también revela algo elementary: más allá de las tensiones políticas, las fuerzas comerciales que unen a Estados Unidos y China son aún más poderosas.

Las empresas chinas no tienen intención de abandonar la economía estadounidense, que sigue siendo la más grande del mundo. En cambio, están estableciendo operaciones dentro del bloque comercial de América del Norte como una forma de suministrar bienes a los estadounidenses, desde productos electrónicos hasta ropa y muebles.

El estado fronterizo mexicano de Nuevo León se ha posicionado para cosechar las recompensas de esa tendencia. Dirigido por un impetuoso gobernador de 35 años, Samuel García, el estado ha cortejado la inversión extranjera mientras busca mejorar las carreteras para facilitar el paso a los cruces fronterizos.

García asistió recientemente al Foro Económico Mundial en Davos, Suiza, para reclutar más empresas.

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“Nuevo León está teniendo un alineamiento planetario geopolítico”, declaró el gobernador durante una entrevista en la capital del estado de Monterrey, dentro del palacio de gobierno, un laberinto de grandes habitaciones con techos altos y balcones que miran hacia los picos irregulares de la Sierra Madre. “Estamos recibiendo muchos asiáticos que quieren venir al mercado estadounidense”.

Desde que García asumió el cargo en octubre de 2021, se han invertido casi 7000 millones de dólares en inversiones extranjeras en Nuevo León, lo que convierte a ese estado en el mayor receptor después de Ciudad de México, según la Secretaría de Economía de México.

En 2021, las empresas chinas fueron responsables del 30 por ciento de la inversión extranjera en Nuevo León, solo superadas por Estados Unidos con el 47 por ciento.

Parte de este dinero está financiando fábricas que harán productos terminados para la venta en Estados Unidos. Pero buena parte de esas operaciones se centran en una remodelación más amplia de la cadena de suministro world.

A medida que la pandemia interrumpió la industria china y colapsó los puertos, las empresas con fábricas en Estados Unidos sufrieron escasez de piezas manufacturadas en Asia. Ahora muchas compañías exigen que sus proveedores establezcan plantas en América del Norte o corren el riesgo de perder su negocio.

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Lizhong, un fabricante chino de rines para automóviles, está construyendo la primera fábrica de la compañía fuera de Asia en un parque industrial en Nuevo León. Los principales clientes de Lizhong, incluidos Ford y Common Motors, presionaron a la empresa para que abriera una fábrica en América del Norte, según Wang Bing, su gerente common para México.

Una empresa de Corea del Sur, DY Energy, que fabrica componentes para equipos de construcción, está considerando el norte de México para instalar una fábrica cerca de un importante cliente en Texas.

“Después de pasar por la pandemia y la disaster de la cadena de suministro debido al cierre de China por la covid, a muchos fabricantes norteamericanos les gustaría eliminar el riesgo”, dijo Sean Website positioning, ejecutivo de DY Energy con sede en Seattle.

“La globalización ha terminado”, declaró. “Ahora se habla de local-ización”.

César Santos ha hecho una apuesta sustancial respecto a que esos pronunciamientos resulten ciertos.

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Santos, un abogado corporativo de 65 años, dirige una empresa secundaria como desarrollador en Monterrey, una ciudad industrial en auge llena de restaurantes de lujo, centros comerciales resplandecientes y spas.

Hace una década, se le acercó un desarrollador en Los Ángeles que representaba a una empresa electrónica china que estaba contemplando construir una fábrica en México. Santos controlaba un activo de gran interés: una parcela de 849 hectáreas.

Salpicada de cactus, la propiedad se encontraba a menos de 241 kilómetros de la frontera con Texas. Mientras los estados vecinos luchaban con la violencia vinculada al narcotráfico, Nuevo León tenía una reputación de seguridad. El estado contaba con una fuerza laboral altamente calificada, dada la presencia de universidades que producían en masa graduados de ingeniería, entre ellas el Tec de Monterrey, a menudo denominado “el MIT de México”.

La tierra había sido el rancho ganadero de su familia cuando Santos period un niño, el escenario de aventuras a caballo. Ahora ve una oportunidad lucrativa para convertirlo en un parque industrial.

Hizo un viaje a China, en un tren de alta velocidad desde Shanghái hasta la ciudad de Hangzhou, frente a un lago, para reunirse con Holley Group, que había construido un parque industrial para empresas chinas en Tailandia.

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“China period un país que había desarrollado todo muy rápido”, dijo Santos. “Estaba realmente asombrado”.

Para 2015, se unió a Holley y otro socio chino para forjar una empresa conjunta, Hofusan Actual Property. Planean una purple de almacenes y fábricas frente a un lodge y apartamentos temporales para gerentes visitantes, además de más de 12.000 hogares para trabajadores.

El Grupo Holley envió a Jiang Xin para supervisar la empresa. Antes había trabajado en el proyecto de esa empresa en Tailandia. Pero México representaba una propuesta diferente.

“Las empresas chinas no tenían thought de México, y las únicas cosas que sabíamos eran cosas malas, cosas peligrosas”, dijo Jiang. “Luego vino Trump”.

Cuando asumió la presidencia en 2017, Donald Trump exigió que las empresas estadounidenses abandonaran China. Para 2018, estaba aplicando fuertes aranceles a cientos de miles de millones de dólares en importaciones chinas.

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“Lo de los aranceles nos ayudó”, dijo Jiang. “Las empresas chinas querían más opciones. Y nosotros somos una de sus opciones”.

Cuando Chan comenzó a contemplar la posibilidad de operar en México en el otoño de 2021, otras 27 empresas chinas ya habían asegurado terrenos dentro del parque Hofusan. Solo quedaba un predio grande.

Man Wah ya había respondido a los aranceles construyendo una fábrica en Vietnam y usándola con el fin de manufacturar productos para el mercado estadounidense. Pero el precio altísimo de los envíos empobreció esa estrategia.

Cada mes, Man Wah estaba moviendo 3500 contenedores de 12 metros a través del Pacífico desde Vietnam. De repente, los viajes que costaban 2000 dólares se incrementaron 10 veces más.

Chan usó la plataforma de redes sociales china, WeChat, para conectarse con Jiang. Sus preguntas eran contundentes. ¿Qué tan pronto podría Man Wah comenzar la construcción? (Inmediatamente). ¿Cómo estaban las carreteras? (No eran excelentes, pero estaban mejorando). ¿Había algún restaurante chino auténtico en los alrededores? (No).

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En cuestión de semanas, Man Wah se comprometió a comprar el terreno. En enero de 2022, Chan firmó el contrato antes de abordar un vuelo a México, dejando atrás a su esposa y sus dos hijos en la ciudad china de Shenzhen.

Mientras se construye la nueva fábrica, Man Wah ya ha comenzado a producir sofás en una pequeña planta cercana que alquilaron.

Incluso antes de ubicar el sitio temporal, Chan cargó 70 contenedores llenos de maquinaria y materias primas en China y los puso en un barco con destino a México.

“Siempre hacemos las cosas rápido”, dijo. “No te preocupes por nada, solo hazlo”.

Man Wah se preocupa por algunas cosas: contratar suficientes trabajadores y cultivar proveedores locales.

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La empresa tiene planes de fabricar cerca de 900.000 piezas de mueblería al año en México. Eso requerirá contratar y retener a 6000 trabajadores.

Man Wah está acostumbrado a operar en China y Vietnam, donde los sindicatos independientes están básicamente prohibidos y la gente de las zonas rurales acude a las zonas industriales en busca de trabajo.

En Nuevo León, la tasa de desempleo es de 3,6 por ciento. El aumento de la inversión ha desencadenado una feroz competencia por los trabajadores.

Las empresas astutas han cortejado a sus empleados con extras como comidas de calidad y transporte al trabajo. Pero Man Wah y otras empresas chinas responden a los jefes en China, que están condicionados hacia el ahorro mientras piensan en los trabajadores como fácilmente remplazables.

Encontrar proveedores locales también es un desafío. Según los términos del acuerdo comercial de América del Norte, los fabricantes deben emplear porcentajes mínimos de piezas y materias primas de la región para calificar para el acceso libre de impuestos a los demás países del bloque.

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Hace tres años, Lenovo, el fabricante chino de computadoras, abrió una nueva fábrica en Monterrey dedicada a fabricar servidores, los dispositivos que almacenan datos para la computación en la nube.

Hasta el año pasado, Lenovo traía un componente essential, las llamadas placas base, desde una fábrica en China. Pero a medida que se intensificaron los problemas de transporte internacional, la empresa cambió a un proveedor en la ciudad mexicana de Guadalajara.

Lenovo también dejó de importar materiales de embalaje de China y, en cambio, los compra en México.

Pero continúa importando muchos componentes clave de China, desde dispositivos de memoria hasta cables especializados.

“No existe una cadena de suministro para estas cosas en México”, dijo Leandro Sardela, director de operaciones occidentales de la empresa.

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Peter S. Goodman es corresponsal de economía mundial, con sede en Nueva York. Antes fue corresponsal de economía mundial con sede en Londres y corresponsal económico nacional en Nueva York durante la Gran Recesión. También trabajó en The Washington Publish como jefe de la oficina de Shanghái. @petersgoodman

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Value Stocks? Growth Stocks? Markets Last Year Turned Everything Topsy-Turvy.

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These conclusions are a startling signal of how a lot the world and its monetary markets have been battered within the final yr or two.

Till the S&P Indices findings, for instance, Exxon and Chevron had been virtually universally labeled as worth shares. Within the pondering that prevailed a few years in the past, an pressing want to handle international warming impaired the long-term viability of fossil gasoline corporations. Even amongst traders who favored their shares, these corporations have been presumed to be a great worth exactly as a result of they have been so retro.

Final yr, at the very least, these assumptions about progress and worth shares have been overturned, together with many different presumptions in regards to the world.

Russia’s yearlong battle in Ukraine set off a sequence of unanticipated shocks that elevated world oil and gasoline costs. Vitality costs have come down a bit, however nonetheless stay excessive.

Publicly traded power corporations had outsize good points in gross sales, income and inventory costs. Exxon and Chevron have each reported document income for final yr. The S&P 500 dropped greater than 18 % in 2022, however power was the one sector to rise, with an eye-popping complete return of just about 67 %, together with dividends. The sector’s gross sales, worth and earnings momentum remodeled its greatest elements into progress shares, at the very least within the backward-looking lens utilized by S&P 500 Indices.

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On the identical time, the eight huge tech corporations stumbled, for idiosyncratic causes, in addition to systemic ones. Tesla, for instance, faces severe competitors out there for electrical autos, even because the Twitter escapades of its proprietor, Elon Musk, could also be turning off some would-be automotive consumers. Meta reported a unbroken decline in gross sales and earnings on Wednesday, although its inventory soared on plans for additional share buybacks, amid a broad inventory market rally fueled by hopes that the Federal Reserve’s rate of interest will increase have been abating. Nonetheless, the dimensions of its unprofitable investments in digital actuality have apprehensive many traders. Netflix, which as soon as stated it competed solely with sleep for the eye of its subscribers, now jousts with a horde of streaming corporations.

However, in broad phrases, two real-world components are liable for their reclassification this yr. First, whereas the preliminary, lockdown section of the Covid-19 pandemic usually elevated tech corporations’ gross sales and income in 2020 and 2021, it set them up for a pointy decline of their progress charges in 2022 because the financial system recovered.

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